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2020 NFL free agency: 5 cheaper options at right tackle for New York Giants

2020.02.18 22:44 cornbread36 2020 NFL free agency: 5 cheaper options at right tackle for New York Giants

By Nick Falato@nickfalato Feb 18, 2020, 8:00am EST
The offensive tackle position has been a liability for the New York Giants for way too long. The team has tried to fix these holes through the draft and with free agency, but, to the dismay of Giants’ fans, both were to no avail. The experiment of Ereck Flowers withered with the windy gusts at MetLife Stadium, and Nate Solder’s first two years have been underwhelming, but the Giants hope to rectify this issue in the coming off season.
There are higher level offensive tackles that will be available in free agency; players like the TitansJack Conklin and Green Bay’s Bryan Bulaga are two options that will command big paydays. Both of these options have experience playing right tackle, which is a need for the Giants following the potential departure of Mike Remmers. Nick Gates played well in spot start duty, but the team will still be looking for a starter, and depth pieces to help fill out this roster. These depth pieces, with a new coaching staff and style, could develop into spot starters in the future, so let’s peruse through potential free agents at the tackle position that will not break the bank, but could possibly make the roster.

Shon Coleman, San Francisco 49ers

Coleman, a 6-foot-5, 310-pound former third-round pick by the Browns out of Auburn, was a standout in the SEC. With 35 ½ inch arms and 10 ⅝ inch hands, 86th and 80th percentile respectively at the tackle position, one can easily see the intrigue that would surround this player, especially since he is only 28 years old. Coleman was slated to be the swing tackle for the 49ers this season, but a fractured fibula and dislocated ankle landed him on Injured Reserve in the preseason.
Many of the Browns’ beat reporters felt that Coleman would either take over Joe Thomas’ left tackle position after his retirement or that he would start at right tackle, after a solid season of playing more than 1,000 snaps for Cleveland in his sophomore campaign. The Browns went in a different direction and traded Coleman to the 49ers before final cuts. Coleman spent most of 2018 inactive for the 49ers and the rest of 2019 on the IR, so his cost is inevitably low, and he possesses solid draft pedigree and a successful track record in college. He’s a tough player, who has beaten cancer, and his length doesn’t hinder his ability to run block. He’s not the strongest, the most athletic, and he bends at the waist too much in pass protection, but he’s a solid, low cost, addition to a team and he has a lot to prove going into 2020.

Cornelius Lucas, Chicago Bears

The 29-year-old, former UDFA out of Kansas State, had his best season to date for the Bears. According to Pro Football Focus, the 6-foot-9, 328-pound Lucas allowed only 12 pressures and one sack in 297 pass blocking attempts ... with Mitchell Trubisky as his quarterback. Lucas also ranked 32nd in blocking efficiency/allowed pressures and 36th in pass blocking while seeing action in 15 games in 2019. The Lions, Rams, and Bears all considered him for their swing tackle positions and he executed that role at a solid level for the Bears, so I feel like the Giants could do a lot worse than kicking the tires on Lucas. The market will dictate what a player like Lucas makes. If it’s reasonable, the Giants should look in this direction.

Roderick Johnson, Houston Texas

Johnson is a 6-foot-6, 306-pound 24-year-old former Florida State Seminole who was drafted by the Browns in the fifth round of the 2017 draft. I remember evaluating Johnson when I was writing for Inside the Pylon. He was long (36-inch arms — wow), skinny, and probably should have gone back to school, for he seemed to lack any center of gravity, which really hindered his ability to dominate at the point of attack. Well, fast forward three years and he’s starting for a playoff team in Houston. Rookie first-round selection Tytus Howard was hurt early in the season and Johnson filled in at right tackle for the majority of the season. According to PFF, with 226 passing attempts, Johnson surrendered 15 pressures and 3 sacks while grading 82nd in pass blocking efficiency/pressures allowed. He has a lot of issues with balance and strength, due to his frame, but he still possesses intriguing qualities that can be developed in the right environment. Giants’ new offensive line coach, Marc Colombo, is used to developing younger players with unique skill sets and builds. Johnson possesses said youth, and is in the 90th percentile for his wing span, arm length, and hand size. Technical issues must be corrected, and strength must be added, but he’s an interesting player that may be acquired on the cheap.

David Sharpe, Las Vegas Raiders

Sharpe is 6-foot-6, 343 pounds. Yes, you read that correctly — 343 pounds. He is more than a mountain of a man at tackle, he is the moon. Being this large has a lot of drawbacks; he is heavy footed, stiff in the lower half, and lacks even marginal athletic testing numbers (4th percentile athlete at the combine ... yikes. He possesses size, length, and strength in a vacuum, albeit his bench press number was abysmal at the combine. The former Florida Gator played the most snaps in his career in 2019, and his best run blocking rating according to Pro Football Focus, while playing in six games as one of the swing tackles. Conditioning is obviously an issue for Sharpe, and he carries unnecessary weight in his midsection. If he could be put on a weight management program, his speed and technique could increase. Sharpe will not be garnering a big contract, so bringing him in and seeing if he can improve his conditioning isn’t a terrible idea. He is a low risk, medium upside player who can be brought in and serve a role in short yardage situations.

Mike Remmers, New York Giants

Ahhh, a familiar name and a player that I thought played in a solid manner during his 2019 campaign in East Rutherford. PFF had the 6-foot-5, 310-pound Remmers rated as the 59th best pass blocking tackle and 80th best run blocker. Playing on a one-year, $2.5 million dollar contract, he was able to start 14 games and stayed relatively healthy, which has been a challenge for Remmers. I believe the Giants can do worse than resigning him and having him compete for the starting job once again. I say this fully acknowledging the fact that he allowed 40 pressures, which was 10th among tackles, but second on the team behind Solder, who allowed the most in the league with 50. Not a great look, yet he only was responsible for three sacks, with Nate Solder allowing 11. Is that the product of Solder being on the blindside of Daniel Jones and Eli Manning? Possibly. Either way, competent tackles in the NFL are very rare. It’s easy to want and hope that the Giants can sign a right tackle or draft a right tackle and still address all the other needs on this roster, but that’s not always feasible, even with the abundant amount of cap space that the Giants possess. I’m not sure Remmers would accept another “prove it” deal after playing most of the 2019 season healthy. But if he did and came back to the Giants, I don’t feel like that’s the worst decision the Giants would make, especially if they supplement the position with a high draft pick for the future. Would he be the long-term solution at 30 years old with an injury history? No, but he would make excellent depth and be a better starter than a lot of other players that are available at a cheaper price tag.
submitted by cornbread36 to G101SafeHaven [link] [comments]


2019.12.03 15:52 kawaiisovietball Know Your Shipfu - 013

Know Your Shipfu - 013
#Know_your_shipfu - 013
HMS Glasgow (C21) - The Scottish (Careless) Maid
I. Overview
HMS Glasgow (C21) was a Southampton-subclass, Town-class light cruiser of the Tea Royal Navy and the 7th ship to hear the name. As opposed to some of her fellow mates, Glasgow was a more careless maid as she accidentally sank 2 friendly ships (think twice if anyone is looking to appoint her to be the chief maid). However, she did take part in many actions in the Atlantic as well as in the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean. Together with many of her sisters, Glasgow was put into reserve after the war before being scrapped in the late 50s.
II. Specifications
1. Name Glasgow
2. Namesake City of Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
3. Class Town
4. Subclass Southampton
5. Motto "Memor es tuorum" - "Be mindful of your ancestors"
6. Type Light cruiser (CL)
7. Laid down April 17, 1935 at Scotts Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, Greenock, UK
8. Launched June 20, 1936
9. Commissioned September 9, 1937
10. Struck March 1958
11. Fate Scrapped July 8, 1958
12. Displacement 9,100 tons
13. Propulsion 4x Admiralty 3-drum boilers. Four-shaft Parsons geared turbines
14. Power generated 75,000 shp
15. Maximum speed 32 knots (59 kph)
16. Max. operating range Complement: 748
17. Size 1. Length: 558 ft (170 m)
2. Beam: 61 ft 8 in (18.80 m)
3. Draft: 21 ft 6 in (6.55 m)
18. Radar Type 286M -> Type 271 (1942) -> Type 283 radar (1944)
19. Main armament 4x3 BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk XXIII guns -> 3x3 BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk XXIII guns
20. Anti-aircraft armament 1. Large-caliber: 4x2 QF 4-inch (102 mm) Mk XVI guns
2. Medium-caliber: 2x2 QF 2-pounder (40 mm) pom-pom anti-aircraft guns -> 4x4 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns (1944)
3. Small-caliber: 2x4 0.5-inch (12.7 mm) AA machine guns
21. Torpedo 2x3 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes (removed 1944)
22. Aircraft carried 2x Supermarine Walrus aircrafts (later removed)
III. Operational history
Glasgow, maybe prewar
Glasgow was ordered on December 17, 1934 at the Scotts Shipbuilding Company in Greenock as part of the Royal Navy's expansion program. She was the 7th ship to bear the name, with the first being a Scottish 6th-rate ship and the 6th one being a 1910 Town-class cruiser. She was laid down on April 16, 1935 and launched on June 20, 1936 by Mrs. Lucy Baldwin, the wife of former PM Stanley Baldwin. Glasgow-chan joined the maid team on September 9, 1937 after being completed. She was assigned to 2nd Cruiser Squadron of the Home Fleet.
Glasgow spent the first years of her career uneventful with some naval exercises and "flag showing". In May and June 1939, Glasgow and her big sister Southampton escorted liner RMS Empress of Australia carrying King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on their Royal visits to Canada and the US before escorting them back to the UK on Empress of Australia's sister, RMS Empress of Britain (both belongs to Canadian Pacific Line). In July 1939, Captain Frank Pegram was appointed the commander of the ship.
With war being inevitable, on September 2, 1939, Glasgow was detached for patrol off Norway with Humber Force to intercept commerce raiders and blockade runners. The following day, Britain declared war on Germany, and on September 4, Glasgow and J-class destroyer Jersey (has got an episode on her, I can translate it may anyone want) intercepted German freighter Johannes Molken Buhr, which was later scuttled by her own crew. Glasgow was later sent to patrol in Skaggerak with her sisters Southampton, Sheffield-chan and Arethusa-class Aurora. However, due to Javelin-chan and Jersey-chan collided with each other, the mission was cancelled and they returned to Rosyth. 4 days later, Glasgow was sent to escort damaged submarine Spearfish back to her home base, during which, Glasgow-chan was attacked by enemy aircrafts without success.
With reports of Gneisenau in the area, Glasgow escorted Hood-neesan and Repulse in search for the new German battlecruiser. While returning to Britain, Glasgow and fellow sisters Southampton and Edinburgh was attacked by Luftwaffe's aircrafts, who dropped 120 bombs on them. Fortunately, Glasgow-chan wasn't damaged. Later on, Glasgow and Edinburgh escorted convoy KJ 003 made of 19 tankers from October 22 to 24. Towards the end of November, Glasgow joined 2 destroyers in search of German liner Bremen. She was then diverted to search for escaping Scharnhorst and Gneisenau in seek of revenging the sinking of armed merchant cruiser Rawalpindi. A week later, Glasgow took part in the unsuccessful search for American merchantman City of Flint, which had been captured by Deutschland. In December 1939, she escorted three convoys: HN 003, ON 004/1, ON 006/1 with another convoy, ON 007/1 in early January.
Glasgow was transferred to another maid team, the 18th Cruiser Squadron on January 7, 1940. There, along with Newcastle, she escorted 6 convoys in January 1940. Glasgow captured German trawler Herrlichkeit off Tromsø on February 12 before returning to Belfast for repairs 5 days later, which last for a month. After repairs were completed, Glasgow-chan returned to action, just as the German was launching Operation Weserübung. On April 7, Glasgow sailed with Berwick, Portlandshire and York to intercept German warships in the area. Two days later, Glasgow-chan and her fleet was attacked by German Ju 88 and He 111 bombers off Bergen, which scored two near misses. The near misses caused minor flooding to the ship, knocking out her "A" turret and killed 2 of her crew. Things were worse for her teammates as Tribal-class destroyer leader Gurkha was sunk during the air attack. After this, Glasgow-chan was detached with Sheffield to Britain for repairs on the following day. While en route, they was involved in another air attack, with no damage sustained.
After a very short 22-hour repair, Glasgow was assigned with Sheffield and 6 Tribal-class destroyer leaders to land troops in Harstad and Namsos as part of Operation Henry and Harry. Galatea joined Glasgow and Sheffy in Operation Sickle, the landing of the 15th Infantry Brigade in Åndalsnes on April 23. 6 days later, Glasgow embarked the King of Norway, King Haakon VII and Crown Prince Olav, Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs Halvdan Kolt and Minister of Defense Birger Ljungberg. Under the escort of Jackal and Javelin-chan, Glasgow arrived in Scapa Flow on May 1. Later that week, Glasgow embarked the Royal Marines at Greenock and carried out the initial occupation of Iceland during Operation Fork. The Marines disembarked at Reykjavik on May 10, under the protection of heavy cruiser Berwick, Glasgow as well as two F-class destroyers Fearless and Fortune. They carried out patrols in Iceland before sailing back to Liverpool for some refit. During her month-long refit in Liverpool, Italy declared war on Britain, and so on June 10, Glasgow's crew captured Italian freighter Gambiano.
Underway in the Mediterrenean
Returning to action in July, Glasgow-chan joined her big sister Southampton and the Salty Sussex and Shropshire. However, in the thick (bloody) British fog off Duncansby Head on July 16, our careless little maid collided with destroyer HMS Imogen. The collision caused extensive fire abroad and heavy flooding to the little destroyer. Imogen had to be abandoned and later sank. The incident resulted in nineteen of Imogen's crew and two of Glasgow's lost their lives. After rescuing the I-class destroyer crew, Glasgow returned to Liverpool and stayed there 3 months for repairs.
Late October 1940 saw Glasgow escorting Arklolicon and Barham to Gibraltar. There, she joined Force X to transport troops to Malta. After arriving in Malta on November 7, Glasgow joined the 7th Cruiser Squadron. She screened Lusty in her raid on Italian fleet in Taranto. 3 days later, Glasgow, along with Berwick, Gloucester and HMAS Sydney landed 3,400 troops in Piraeus, Greece. Later that month and in early December, Glasgow-chan escorted convoys MW 4 and ME 4 with Force E and Force F. While anchored at Suda Bay in Crete on December 3, Glasgow was attacked by a Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 flown by Italian ace Carlo Emanuele Buscaglia. 2 torpedoes hit the British cruiser, knocking out her propellers. Therefore, Glasgow-chan was sent to Alexandria for temporary repairs in January 1941.
Damaged Glasgow was sent to the Indian Ocean in early 1941 to protecc convoys from potential enemies. On February 15, Glasgow escorted some 4 landing ships through the Suez Canal. Later on, she was deployed with Hermes, (the salty) Shropshire, Emerald and her sister Enterprise (the British E-class cruiser, not the American legend Enty or Belfast x Enty, okay?) and Australian heavy cruisers Australia and Canberra to search for German cruiser Admiral Scheer, who had just sunk Canadian freighter Canadian Cruiser and AMC HMCS Rantaupandjang (Rawalpindi's little sister). On February 22, one of Glasgow's two Walrus spotted Admiral Scheer. However, fuel shortages prevented them from chasing down the German raider. A month later, Glasgow was deployed with Caledon, two K-class destroyers and two Indian trawler to provide support for the invasion of Italian Somaliland, as part of Operation Appearance.
After the successful landing in Somaliland, Glasgow joined HMS Cornwall, Portlandshire, Phoebe and HMAS Canberra as escort for convoy WS 6 from April 10-13, later relieved by C-class cruiser Colombo. Later in April, Glasgow relieved old heavy cruiser Hawkins to escort WS 7 until May 7. Our maid was sent to search for German commerce raider Pinguin later in May. From June 1941 to February 1942, Glasgow joined in convoy defense operations and escorted convoys WS 11 and WS 12. Another friendly fire incident occurred at midnight on December 9, 1941 when our careless maid opened fire with her 6-inch on friendly Indian patrol ship Prabhavati, mistaken her for a surfacing Japanese submarine. Prabhavati was sunk and Glasgow had to rescue the ship's survivors and sent them to Bombay.
With Enterprise in Singapore, 1942
In March, Glasgow escorted convoy WS 16 with her sister Newcastle. On April 1, she was relieved by Colombo and armed merchant cruiser Aleunia so that she can move to the US for repairs in April. Arriving in Brooklyn Naval Shipyard in New York on May 6 after a passage through Mombasa, Glasgow went through a month-long repair before returning to Britain. There, she was equipped with a new Type 284 fire-control radar and Type 271 airborne warning radar. New Oerlikons were also equipped to Glasgow-chan. She returned to Britain in August and arrived at Scapa Flow on September 3, 1942.
King George VI inspecting the ship in Scapa Flow
Upon arrival, Glasgow-chan was reassigned to the 10th Cruiser Squadron of the Home Fleet and assigned to the task of escorting British convoy bound for the Soviet Union. After some period of retrain and repairs lasted until December 1942, Glasgow was ready for action by the beginning of 1943. On January 20, 1943, Glasgow-chan was deployed with Bermuda and the salty cruiser Kent (hey shikika..) to screen Convoy JW 52 and returning convoy RA 52. She then patrolled around Icelandic waters and was involved in a minor incident on February 23. While anchoring at Seidisfjord, heavy weather dragged Glasgow and she was grounded. After a short repair, Glasgow-chan escorted King George V and her sister Howe to provide distant escort for homebound convoy RA 53 from Kola Inlet. Later in March, Glasgow encountered German blockade runner Regensberg carrying rubber, tungsten and many valuable goods from Japan. Unwanted to get their valuable supplies got captured by the also material-hungering Britain, the crew of Regensberg scuttled their ship. In heavy weathers, only 6 of the runner’s crew survived and was rescued by Glasgow. After some patrols in the Arctic, Glasgow was sent to a warmer place, the Southwest Approach to hunt for German blockade runners and commerce raiders.
In Scapa Flow, date unknown, maybe during her second deployment to the Arctic in late 42- early 43
The first action where our maid was involved was some action against French coastal shipping on June 12 with Crown Colony-class cruiser Bermuda, who joined Glasgow during JW 52. A week later, Glasgow escorted carrier Archer and corvettes of Escort Group B5 to hunt for submarines from Brest. By the end of the month, Glasgow provided Ocean Escort for minelaying operation of the 1st Minelaying Squadron in Northern Barrage. In late July, Glasgow joined Canadian destroyers HMCS Athabaskan, Iroquois and Polish destroyer ORP Orkan for assault patrols in the Bay of Biscay. After operations in the Bay of Biscay, she was anchored at Devonport Dockyard for repairs that last for a month, where her Walruses and catapults got removed to make room for additional Oerlikons and she was fitted with the new Type 283 Fire-Control Radar. She also had a new commander, Captain Charles Clark. On October 26, 1943, Glasgow embarked First Sea Lord, Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham and undertake the internment of the ashes of the old First Sea Lord, Admiral of the Fleet Sir Dudley Pound, who have just passed away on October 21 off Nab Tower. After that, she participated in Operation Tunnel series of attacks on French coastal shipping in November 1943. In December, Glasgow and Gambia took part in Operation Stonewall, the interception of blockade runners returning to occupied French from Japan. After 2 weeks of patrol, a Sunderland flying boat sighted German blockade runners Alsterufer, who was carrying precious Tungsten and rubber on December 27. Thus, Glasgow, Enterprise (again the E-class), Penelope and Ariadne were sent to capture the merchantman. This would lead into the Battle of the Bay of Biscay.
Painting by Norman Wilkinson, Glasgow and Enterprise firing at German ships during The Battle of the Bay of Biscay, 1943
The Kriegsmarine sent two flotillas to escort Alsterufer home: the 4th Torpedo Boat Flotilla consisted of torpedo boats T22, T23, T24 and T26 and the 8th Destroyer Flotilla consisted of Niimi-chan and her sisters Z24, Z27, Z32, Z37 and two torpedo boats T25 and T27. By 04:00 on December 28, the two German flotillas were waiting south of Cape Clear, but Alsterufer was nowhere to be seen. Unknown to the German, the blockade runner was sunk by Liberator bombers from Czechoslovak No. 311 Squadron and the No. 86 Squadron. By midday, the two German flotillas met each other. One hour later, they were spotted by Allied aircrafts. Meanwhile, a Fw 200 Condor bomber detected Glasgow and Enterprise, and attacked them. As they were detected, Glasgow changed her course towards the Northeast. At 13:32, from a range of 16 miles, Glasgow-chan detected the German destroyers. Captain Clark ordered Glasgow to open fire at Niimi with her “A” and “B” turrets, guided by the newly installed Type 273 radar. Enterprise followed some few minutes later. In the first minutes of the battle, though being targeted, Niimi wasn't damaged. Our Soviet German protagonist launched 6 of her torpedoes at a range of 17,000 meters. Niimi-chan and her sister Z24 returned fire with their 15 cm, almost hitting Glasgow and Enterprise. At 14:05, Glasgow was hit in the “A” boiler room by either of the destroyers, killing two seamen who were manning the pom-pom and further wounded three. By 14:18, both German flotillas was involved in action. High seas prevented the torpedo boats from launching their torpedoes, so only destroyers Z32 and Z37 could launch their torpedoes at Glasgow. With 10 torpedoes heading for her, Glasgow-chan had to take evasive maneuvers. Glasgow was almost hit by a torpedo as she and Enterprise was baiting them. After the second torpedo run, the German boats laid smoke turned away.
During the Battle of the Bay of Biscay, Dec. 28 1943
At 14:35, Glasgow reversed her course to chase down the retreating German. By this time, Glasgow and Enterprise was separated after the torpedobait and was acting independently. The German launched another torpedo attack against the charging British cruisers, whilst the two British were keeping accurate 6-inch shots. At around 14:38, after firing her first salvo of torpedoes, Z27 was critically damaged by a 6-inch shell from Enterprise, causing fire and slowing the German destroyer down. After being hit, Z27 launched the second salvo of 4 torpedoes, however, just like the first salvo, no torpedoes hit the British cruisers.
Meanwhile, Glasgow was concentrating her fire on torpedo boat T25. The little *Elbing-*class torpedo boat was hit in her aft torpedo tubes area, killing many of her crew. A second shell hit T25’s funnel, immobilize her. Being a sitting duck at that moment, T25 requested her big sis T22 to cover for her. In the meantime, Glasgow shifted fire towards T25’s sister, T26. T26 was bracketed by near misses from the accurate radar-guided guns from Glasgow and was critically hit with a shell right into her boiler room at 14:40, slowing the ship down. T22, trying to help her crippled sister, was focused by Enterprise, who hit her with shells and fragments from the near misses. After firing her 10.5 cm guns and all of her torpedoes, which proved harmless to the cruisers, T22 laid smoke and retreated.
Enterprise finished off the crippled T26 at 14:45 with a single torpedo whereas Glasgow hit Z27’s magazine at point-blank range, sinking the drifting destroyer in a large magazine explosion which killed most of her staff. Enterprise fired her guns and a torpedo, which reduce T25 to a burning and sinking wreck by 14:50. The British cruisers, low on ammunition and fuel, withdrew towards Plymouth.
The Battle of the Bay of Biscay was a complete victory for the British. Glasgow and Enterprise sank a destroyer (Z27) and two torpedo boats (T25 and T26) and further severely damaged another TB, T22 while receiving minimal damage to themselves. 532 Kriegsmarine’s sailors were killed during the battle, further lowering Kriegsmarine's morale after Scharnhorst was sunk in the Battle of the North Cape 2 days earlier. The failure in Bay of Biscay and North Cape marked a sour end of 1943 for the German. From then on, in addition to the lost of 3 blockade runners in the South Atlantic, Germany could only trade with her only real ally, Japan, via small little submarines, hampering her supplies.
After the Battle of the Bay of Biscay, Glasgow and Enterprise withdrew to Britain. En route, they were attacked by He 177 armed with Fritz-X Glider bomb on December 28. Neither of the ship was hit, however. They arrived at Plymouth the following day. Glasgow was repaired for some weeks before returning to defend convoys MKF 026, MKF 028A and MKF 029 from mid January to mid-March.
Bombarding Cherbourg, June 25, 1944. USS Quincy in the background
In April, Glasgow joined US Western Task Force consisted of USN battleships Texas and Arkansas, Free French cruiser Montcalm and Georges Leygues, nine USN destroyers and three Royal Navy Hunt-class destroyers. During Operation Neptune, they took part in bombardment exercises in Cape Wrath. On D-Day (June 6, 1944), Glasgow took part in the bombardment of the Omaha Beach with ships of Force C. She continued this action until June 20, when her squadron was detached to bombard the port of Cherbourg. After returning to Portland on the following day, Glasgow again joined her peer Enterprise, US battleship Shounen Nevada and two Pacific veteran Tuscaloosa and Quincy in Task Force 129. Together, they carried out the bombardment of Cherbourg on June 25, which Glasgow was hit by two shells from shore batteries, damaging her electrical system. On June 30, Glasgow withdrew to Belfast for a nine-month-long refit. During the time, Glasgow-chan was fitted with new radars and additional anti-aircraft armament. Her “X” turret was removed in favour of additional Bofors.
After a long refit, Glasgow was back in action by May 1945. By this time, Germany had surrendered, so she was transferred to the Indian Ocean to fight the already desperate Japanese Empire. On August 22, 1945, Glasgow sailed with Jamaica to the British East Indies Fleet. By this time, Japan had got nuked and was preparing for surrender.
On October 5, 1945, Glasgow relieved Phoebe as the flagship of the 5th Cruiser Squadron. After serving in the Indian Ocean for two years, she steamed back to Portsmouth and was put into reserve. Later in September 1948, after being recommissioned for active service, Glasgow was appointed the flagship of the British West Indies Station. She attended the Halifax bicentenary celebrations in Nova Scotia in 1949. In October 1950, she returned to Britain and was refitted at Chatham before being transferred to the Mediterranean Fleet in 1951. Glasgow was appointed the flagship of the Malta station, under Admiral the Earl Mountbatten of Burma.
Lord Mountbatten aboard Glagow, 1952
2 years later, she and her crew took part in film “Sailor of the King” as the fictional cruiser HMS Cambridge. In the same year, Glasgow-chan took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. Together with Town-class cruisers Gambia and Bermuda, new cruiser Eagle, seven destroyers, Glasgow-chan escorted the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh aboard Royal Yacht HMY Britannia on their world tour when they arrived at Malta on May 2, 1954. With Gambia, she took part in the withdrawal of the 40th Royal Marines Commando Brigade from Port Said, Sudan, giving the independence to the African nation.
In 1955, after 5 years of serving in Malta, Glasgow returned to Britain and joined the Flag Officer D Flotilla of the Home Fleet. In late 1955, Glasgow-chan was decommissioned in Portsmouth. However, with the Suez Canal Crisis in 1956, she was temporary called back before being officially decommissioned in November 1956. Glasgow was considered a surplus at the time of economic hardship and the budget was tight, so she was put on the disposal list in March 1958. In July 4, 1958, Glasgow was sold to BISCO for scrapping and left Portsmouth. She was broken up on July 8, 1958 at Hughes Bolckow’s yard in Blyth.
IV. In Azur Lane
In-game Glasgow
Glasgow was put into the game in the mid-November update. She is a Rare ship which can be obtained through the Light Construction Pool with a build time of 01:25:00. Upon her introduction, there was a short period when her Construction Rate was increased for 2.5%. Glasgow is still unvoiced.
Similar to most light cruiser, Glasgow-chan has three equipment slots for CL Guns (115%->135%), Torpedoes (120%->130% and Anti-Air Guns (110%) . Glasgow has two class-specified Assault Skills: “Full Firepower” which increase her own firepower and “All Out Barrage” which triggers her class’ barrage. She also has a Defensive Skill, “Swift Defender” (related to the fact that she defended many convoys?) which reduces damage dealt to the fleet.
In the wiki, there is something wrong with the translation of her Self Intro line as Glasgow could never taken part in the Battle of the North Cape, as she was busy fighting the German destroyers off France when the battle occurred. Also in her Self-Intro, she mentioned having bad eyesight, related to the fact that she rammed and sank Imogen in foggy weather and mistook Prabhavati for a Japanese loliboat. (So, buy her glass :> ). Secretary 1 and 2 referred to her sisters Newcastle and Sheffield. Glasgow also have Additional Lines when sortieing with her sisters Sheffield, Edinburgh, Belfast, Newcastle and her big sis Southampton.
(Low resolution) \"A Maid In Class\" skin
Glasgow has got a skin, “A Maid In Class” for 780 green Jap cats (u know wot oi mean.)
V. Sources
1. References
Soft reference: Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Glasgow_%28C21%29
Detailed service log: Naval History http://www.naval-history.net/xGM-Chrono-06CL-Glasgow.htm
2. In Azur Lane
Default skin https://blhx.fandom.com/wiki/Glasgow?file=Glasgow.png
"A Maid in Class" skin https://azurlane.koumakan.jp/Glasgow/Gallery#A_Maid_in_Class
3. IRL
Prewar https://www.naval-history.net/Photo06clGlasgow1NP.jpg
King on board https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:HMS_Glasgow_(C21)#/media/File:HMS_Glasgow_visit.jpg#/media/File:HMS_Glasgow_visit.jpg)
During Bay of Biscay, 1943 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:HMS_Glasgow_(C21)#/media/File:The_Royal_Navy_during_the_Second_World_War_HMS_Glasgow_4-inch_AA_gun_crew_A_21143.jpg#/media/File:The_Royal_Navy_during_the_Second_World_War_HMS_Glasgow_4-inch_AA_gun_crew_A_21143.jpg)
Mediterreanean https://alchetron.com/HMS-Glasgow-(C21)#demo#demo)
Singapore, 1942 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:HMS_Glasgow_(C21)#/media/File:HMS_Glasgow_and_Enterprise_Singapore_1942_AWM_302397.jpeg#/media/File:HMS_Glasgow_and_Enterprise_Singapore_1942_AWM_302397.jpeg)
Norway https://i.pinimg.com/originals/a6/11/44/a6114407c6f36b73ffe611298f59ae69.jpg
Cherbourg https://www.dday-overlord.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/hms_glasgow-1.jpg
Biscay drawing, 1943 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Bay_of_Biscay#/media/File:Nmm_nmmg_bhc0686_large(2).jpg.jpg)
Postwar, 1952 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:HMS_Glasgow_(C21)#/media/File:HMS_Glasgow_Mounbatten.jpg#/media/File:HMS_Glasgow_Mounbatten.jpg)
submitted by kawaiisovietball to AzureLane [link] [comments]


2019.11.05 12:58 jalshamoviez Saamy 2 Hindi Dubbed Full Movie 720p HD Download Filmyzilla

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The film begins a year later, which took place in the prequel Saamy.
How To Change Language in Dual Audio Movies
Story
DCP Aruswami "Saamy" (Vikram), who was shifted out of Tirunelveli, leads a happy life with his now-pregnant wife Bhuvana (Aishwarya Rajesh), who intends to pursue IAS. However, in Tirunelveli, the Perumal Pichai (Kota Srinivasa Rao) men, who were discussing what was happening to him, admitted that he was in Colombo in Sri Lanka with his second wife (Sudha Chandran) and three sons. May be: Mahendra Pichai (OAK Sundar), Devendra Pichai (John Vijay), and Ravana Pichai (Bobby Simha). Of the three brothers, Ravana is the youngest. In Ravana, Colombo, after consulting his mother about his father's whereabouts, sets out for Tirunelveli and discovers that Sami killed his father. Ravana starts hunting those who are against his father and take back his father's shadow. Sami applies for a transfer to Tirunelveli to stop Ravana, who is approved.
The story then changes after 28 years, where Ramasamy "Ram" (Vikram) lives in New Delhi, working as an office manager in front of Union Minister Vishwanathan (Prabhu). He intends to pursue the IAS according to the wishes of his grandparents (Delhi Ganesh and Sumitra), who have raised him in a Brahmin and non-violent way so that he ends up as a police officer like his father Don't be One day, Ram meets Viswanathan's daughter Dia (Kirti Suresh), who has returned from London after completing her studies and who continues to disagree with him.
Later, when Ravana asks Vishwanathan to pay for the pending commission amount to be secretly transferred to the party fund, he responds directly to asking the party and not him. Upset, Ravana kidnaps Diya for immediate settlement of payment. Rama rescues her from Ravana's goons and leaves her home. She is impressed by his diplomatic nature and loves him. Soon after, Ram accidentally confiscates a van containing the black money being transferred by Ravana on a commission basis. He hands over the money to the President of India without revealing his identity, which once again disappoints Ravana. Diya constantly proposes to Rama, but he constantly rejects her offers. After some time, he avenges his love.
Ram passed the UPSC examination and left Mussoorie for one year of training. After his return, his grandparents were surprised to see that he had decided to pursue the IPS and was posted as ACP at Tirunelveli. When Rama asks for the reason for his response, his grandfather tells the truth that in fact, his father Aruswami has been the DCP in Tirunelveli and tells what happened 28 years ago. When Sami and Bhuvana were on their way to Tirunelveli, they were bitten by the Pichai brothers to avenge their father's death. Before dying, Saamy I manages to open the uterus of his dead wife and deliver her baby (Rama) ahead of time. Bhuvana's parents take Rama and move to Delhi, while the rest of his family is killed by a truck accident planned by Ravana.
Aroused upon hearing his tragic past, Rama decides to go to Tirunelveli and get justice for his parents' death. Ram's grandparents accept his decision, and he leaves for Tirunelveli and decides to take the Pichai brothers. He initially warns Ravana and vows to bring the Pichai brothers before the law to kill his parents. Rama later ruled the statue of Perumal, which was illegally kept at an intersection by Ravana and caused a lot of traffic problems. A cat-and-mouse game ensues between Rama and Ravana, in which the two try to get rid of each other. Meanwhile, Vishwanathan initially rejects Ram and Diya's love, but he later accepts it.
Rama killed Devendra and Mahendra, who killed a lot of innocent workers, as well as pregnant women, after an accident they had at Devendra's firecracker factory to prevent Ravana from seizing his illegally deposited money. Kills In retaliation, Ravana and his henchmen carry out a train accident that kills Vishwanathan.
Ram realizes Raven's illegal extortion money, which kills a lot of innocent workers as well as pregnant women. In retaliation, Ravana and his henchmen carry out a train accident that kills Vishwanathan.
Ram finds out that Ravana is planning to go to Pakistan via Gujarat and Rajasthan, so he takes him down. After a bitter battle, Rama subdued Ravana, but for several hundred kilometres, a man, in the midst of the Thar Desert with a town, village, or water source, decided to leave him to his fate. There is a record of going to Sri Lanka, but there is no record of coming back to India. Ram lies to the media that Ravana left Sri Lanka for fear of being killed. Ravana dies after 17 days. Soon, Rama and Diya get married. The film ends with the line "Saamy's adventure will continue".
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2019.10.04 00:29 Pickup_your_nuts Today in History 04/10






















































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2019.05.10 16:51 aspen222 Preview of the Man o' War Stakes and more

It’s funny, my very first article for isportsweb in 2010 was focused around my home track of Belmont Park in New York. It’s fitting that my last article will also be focused around Belmont as we will be looking at five races there this weekend, highlighted by the Grade: 1 Man o’ War Stakes, a marathon turf contest for four year olds and up.
Other races we will be examining in my pro-tem, farewell article include the Beaugay Stakes, an 8 ½ furlong test for four year olds and up fillies and mares, the Run Happy Stakes, a six furlong dash for four year olds and up, the Vagrancy Handicap, which is a 6 ½ furlong race for four year olds and up fillies and mares and, what is perennial a prep race for the “Test of Champions” Belmont Stakes, the nine furlong Peter Pan Stakes for three year olds.
A few final shout outs and thank you’s before I go. To Tom in Detroit, who bets more horses in a single weekend than I do all year (probably), Len, who lives near Oaklawn Park and keeps me on my toes with good, text message questions, Theresa in London, England who I think is more into American racing than in her home country and Clement in South Africa, who emails excellent racing questions about the sport worldwide.
Don, Russ and Irwin all deserve mentions as well.
Extra special shout out to Jain in California, who is an amazing human being and was instrumental in getting me a side gig writing for EQluxe magazine, and Melanie, who emailed several times a week and was a sponge for horse racing knowledge. Unfortunately Melanie took ill several months ago and I haven’t heard from her since. Melanie, hope you are ok.
Perhaps my biggest shout out and thank you goes to Denise, my editor for the past 4-5 years and my friend for the past 30 years. Denise worked tirelessly for me at all hours of the night, through several physical issues and kept me “in check” so to speak.
Thanks Denise, my articles went into another stratosphere since you came on board.

Saturday, May 1, 2019
Belmont Park
Race: 1 (1:30 PM EST Post)
Vagrancy Handicap
Separationofpowers is a drop dead gorgeous daughter of Candy Ride who boasts a pair of Grade: 1 wins in her career. Only one of her opponents in this race has ever even run in one and it was an up the track finish. She logically towers over this field and, even though her works are a bit ho-hum, this is an excellent spot to kick off her 2019 campaign…………………..Pacific Gale ran lights out in chasing (second) the absolutely streaking Come Dancing last time out. You get the “Horse for the Course” angle with her too as she is 2 for 4 at Belmont yet 1 for 11 everywhere else. The only concern is, off such a big effort last time out, she could be on the threshold of a “bounce” effort here…………………………Dawn the Destroyer has run fairly well in all three 2019 starts. Looks best of the rest even though she is showing signs of cycling out of form.

Race: 4 (3:08 PM EST Post)
Peter Pan Stakes
Global Campaign is a very handsome son of Curlin who won his first two starts then chased Code of Honor in the Fountain of Youth and checked in fifth. I thought that was a sneaky good race as a) he was only beaten by 5 ½ lengths in just his third career start and b) note he was among the vanguard through torrid early fractions but held well late. After being freshened up a bit, this looks like a good spot to resume his campaign as I see no Code of Honors in here…………………….Intrepid Heart is a $750,000, well bred colt who has speed, the rail and is 2 for 2 in his young career. Gray by Tapit out of Stakes winner Flaming Heart steps up here but his speed figures say he’s a contender…………………….Sir Winston is tough to get a read on. On one hand this colt by Awesome Again chased Tax, Tacitus and Vekoma in his last three races and will meet no such rivals here. On the other hand, he appears to be cycling out of form……………….I won’t be surprised if Final Jeopardy runs well in this spot. Bay colt by Street Sense won two of his first three races by daylight but was thrown to the wolves in his fourth race (Wood Memorial). Jason Servis trainee returns to a more reasonable spot here.

Race: 7 (4:43PM EST Post)
Beaugay Stakes
Competitionofideas won three of her last four, including shipping 3,000 miles to Santa Anita to take down the Grade: 1 American Oaks, to end 2018. Filly by wide spectrum sire Speightstown handles any footing and any distance……logical, albeit short priced, choice………………….Throw a blanket over the rest and pick one as the rest of this field is difficult to separate. That said, I’ll go with Homerique, who ships over from France having running very well in several Group: 1 contests there……………..Andina Del Sur gets the call for the show dough here. Albeit, she is just 2 for 13 lifetime, it must be note she has hit the board in 7 of 11 turf tries.

Race: 9 (5:51PM EST Post)
Run Happy Stakes
Recruiting Ready is a speedy son of Algorithms who has won two of his last four but any one of those last four races are good enough to win this. Good looking five year old returns to his optimal distance (5 for 10 at 6F) as well…………………Firenze Fire will probably be your post time favorite but I’m going to try to beat him in this spot as he drives me batty with his inconsistencies. Colt by Poseidon’s Warrior, who was fourth in the Breeders’ Cup (Dirt) Mile to end 2018 and probably needed his 2019 debut at Tampa Bay Downs, should (keyword “should”) be setup to run well in this spot……………………..Killybegs Captain is in good form right now. Gray, five year old has won two in a row, including completely outrunning the speedy Imperial Hint two starts back, before just missing in his last, plus he likes this distance and this track. …………….Honorable Mentions: Bon Raison is a hard knocker who also likes this track…………………Ready to Escape has speed, the rail and has hit the board in seven of eight career tries. Four year old by More Than Ready steps out of New York State Bred competition for the first time however.

Race: 10 (6:24 PM EST Post)
Man o’ War Stakes
Although Magic Wand is a filly taking on older males and she is just 2 for 12 in her career, she has run HUGE against some of the top turf horses in the world in her last three which consist of the Breeders’ Cup Turf Mile, The Pegasus Turf Cup and the $6 million Dubai Sheema Classic. Although this is a Grade:1 with 700,000 “dead presidents” on the line, I’m seeing a slight drop in class for her here………………..Zulu Alpha won two Graded Stakes to kick off the year but moved WAY too soon in his last, leaving him vulnerable down the lane and checked in third in his last. That race/move probably cost Jose Ortiz the mount as Castellano now takes the reins…………………Focus Group could be an up and coming turf star. This five year old by Kitten’s Joy came storming down the lane to win the Pan American at Gulfstream Park last time out, which was his first start in 5 ½ months. Stretch runner has won four of his last six dating back to last year. It’s just that 0 for 4 record on the Belmont turf course that deters me from him slightly…………….Honorable Mentions: Epical used his early speed to win three of his last four races and just missed in a race sandwiched between those wins. Bay gelding by Uncle Mo is another who ran big off a layoff but, unlike Focus Group, beware the “bounce” here…………………….Hunting Horn is another who has taken on the world’s best turf horses throughout his career. However, this son of Camelot is just 2 for 15 and, although this looks like a drop in class for him as well, I believe he is a tad overrated…………….Channel Maker doesn’t seem to be in the best of forms right now, but when right, he has the ability to win the whole enchilada.

By: Gerard Apadula
Director of Equine Operations and Development
Knights of the Round Stable Thoroughbred Racing Team
[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
2019- Record: 26-83 = 31%
2018- Record: 107-261= 41%
2017- Record: 92-235 = 39%
2016- Record: 91-229 = 40%
2015- Record: 67-180 = 37%
2014- Record: 29-73 = 40%
2013- Record: 20-59= 34%
2012 -Record: 24-73= 33%
2011 –Record: N/A
2010- Record: 24-74= 33%

Little Bets N’ Pieces
*** Multiple Grade: 1 Stakes winner Bolt d’Oro, who covered his first season of mares this year at Spendthrift Farm in Kentucky, will shuttle to Spendthrift Australia for the upcoming breeding season. A service fee has been set at $13,750 which will be payable on live foal terms.
“Bolt d’Oro will be the highest profile stallion to shuttle to Spendthrift Australia since we’ve opened our doors, and we believe he’ll be very attractive to our market,” said Garry Cuddy, Spendthrift Australia general manager.
“It all starts with his two year old form. Bolt d’Oro is widely regarded as one of the best U.S. two year olds of the last decade, winning a pair of respected Group Ones in very fast times and dominating fashion. He is by a proven outcross sire in Medaglia d’Oro, who needs little introduction here when it comes to his ability to sire high class two year olds, and he is completely free of Danehill or Danzig blood. Bolt d’Oro established himself as one of the most popular first season stallions in the U.S. this year, and we very much look forward to being able to show him to our breeders.”
Bolt d’Oro retired with four wins from eight starts and earnings of $1,016,000.

**** Trainer Bob Baffert has confirmed that Kentucky Derby fifth place finisher (promoted to fourth after the DQ) Improbable will be pointed to the Preakness Stakes next week.
The gorgeous chestnut, who was ridden by Irad Ortiz, Jr., in the Derby, but will instead have Mike Smith for the Preakness.
Baffert's other two Derby contenders, Game Winner and Roadster, are currently not expected for the middle jewel of the Triple Crown.
“It's too early to tell. I want to let the dust settle,” Baffert said. “I should know more in a few days. Right now, Improbable is the only one I'm considering for it. But I'm not sure. It takes about a week to find out how they are.”

* While talking about Baffert, I could not agree more with his statement about the Kentucky Derby DQ:
“No one ever calls an objection in the Derby,” Baffert said. “It's always a roughly run race. Twenty-horse field. I have been wiped out numerous times, but that is the Derby. I can see by the book why they did it. But sometimes you've got to take your ass kickings with dignity.”

**** 2012 Breeders' Cup Sprint Trinniberg has been sold and will be relocated to Haras La Concordia in Uruguay.
The 10 year old was bought by a coalition of South American breeders, including Haras La Concordia, Haras San Miguel Queguay, and BGC Thoroughbred Stud in a deal brokered by Ricardo Colombo.
Trinniberg is very popular in South America having shuttled to Brazil in 2014 and to Uruguay in 2016-17 and sired 29 winners in Brazil, including black-type winner Adaga Do Rei.
Trinniberg also has two Brazilian black-type performers in Group: 2 placed Aristocratica and Above the Stars. In the Northern Hemisphere, Trinniberg has just five overall winners to date.
On the track, Trinniberg was first or second in eight Graded Stakes and earned $1,553,086. He entered stud at Rockridge Stud in New York and stood most recently stood for $3,500.
Haras La Concordia stands several U.S. bred stallions, including Kentucky Derby and Preakness winner, shuttle stallion Smarty Jones.

**** Grade 2 winner Instagrand sustained a sesamoid fracture to one of his rear legs in the Pat Day Mile last weekend.
The Into Mischief colt is scheduled to have surgery to repair the fracture at Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital and is expected to return to training later this year.
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2018.09.12 13:10 MsConfidential [Blog Post] What Lankan Guys Want in a Girl

[Blog Post] What Lankan Guys Want in a Girl
I remember seeing a very popular meme on social media on the extent of knowledge men possessed about the opposite sex – and it was a blank bible-esque book. This had me wondering if women suffered the same fate where they knew nothing about an average Lankan male’s preference in the opposite sex. I took to the Lankan community on Reddit to ask guys what they really wanted in a woman. I was pleasantly surprised to see that these were a kiri-pani match with the things we wanted them to expect of us!
https://i.redd.it/d83r3n50jsl11.gif
1. He loves me, He loves me Not
https://i.redd.it/vb0dfp2aisl11.gif
This little quip of ‘someone who will date me’ just warmed my heart. Isn’t this the sad truth? While women are trained to aim for Doctors, Walau Kaara Radala families, abs for days, we tend to miss out on a few good guys Instagram posts tells us to date. Girls mislead themselves into thinking that they need to fit a certain mould before a guy could date them.
2. A Positive Polly
https://i.redd.it/c1qnaeoaisl11.gif
Are we such negative nonas that a majority of the guys responded with positive attitude being an important attribute?
3. Maturity
https://i.redd.it/j4e14y8bisl11.gif
A self-reliant girl is all the rage, I tell you. One guy said, ‘I’m not adopting a baby’, and yet feminists like me expect equal rights and yet evade equal responsibilities.
4. Financial Sense
https://i.redd.it/wz7yw0acisl11.gif
Speaking of responsibility, I always thought guys were the ones who had zero financial responsibility. However, so many responded with better financial sense – are they talking about having seven black skirts and yet rushing to Gflock for another that looks just like the others? Or going bananas at the fact that he bought headsets for the price of an average A-Level students school fees, while we spend more getting dressed for a wedding that will last three hours. I am guilty as charged.
5. Communication
https://i.redd.it/jrxya57disl11.gif
Quite a few spoke about communication. For an average girl, there are two forms of this: verbal and non-verbal. Sri Lankan women we speak with memes, WhatsApp statuses, aura, dagger-like looks, silence, firecracker tones, and hatti mutti, if required. I think what guys mean are women who vocalize their thoughts, emotions, eloquently, chronologically, in a non-violent manner. It might be easier to ask for a unicorn that performed in an orchestra.
6. Who takes the Wheel?
https://i.redd.it/g51oibliisl11.gif
There was also a great need for mutual respect. For a girl who didn’t control and didn’t impose restrictions – in other words, a girl who was okay with him having some guy time and then some at CR&FC (uninterrupted) on a post-game Saturday evening.
7. Honestly, Honey
https://i.redd.it/hz1qg5jjisl11.gif
Do you really? Could it be that we are doing you a favour in not being that?
8. The Sacrifice
https://i.redd.it/ku84scgkisl11.gif
Some guys happen to think you've been friends with a pack of Pablo Escobars. They immediately assume that your friends are a negative influence and turn their homes into a personal Welikada. However, I was thrilled to see that many if not all agreed that a girl need not sacrifice life as she knows it to be with them – life can go on as it is.
9. Can we talk Menu?
https://i.redd.it/czdg9vtlisl11.gif
Veganism is catching on well in Colombo, and some guys aren’t having it. If you want to forego the cardinal Ks - Kandos, KFC, and Kottu, that’s fine, but this doesn’t mean that they want to follow suit.
10. Humour Me Darling
https://i.redd.it/n5ilxjkmisl11.gif
How well do you respond to memes? Are you going to shoot each share with ‘I’ve seen that’ so send him a string of sideway laughing smileys? Guys also responded positively to girls who can poke fun at themselves and be able to take a joke. A word of caution to guys – digging through Facebook and finding pictures of her in 2008 without 60% of her eyebrows is not funny.
11. Common Ground
https://i.redd.it/576qigyqisl11.gif
A common ground will be helpful. This could be anything from chicken curry, 2 Pac, or your love for the Pope. A wise Aunty (probably plagiarized) said before marriage opposites attract; after marriage opposites attack!
12. The Inner Beyonce
https://i.redd.it/lmybz5mrisl11.gif
This had me wondering if guys were saying this just so that they had the chance to slide into DMs and expect his girlfriend to have liberal views. Just like how veralu and miris complement one another, independence and temperaments are part and parcel. If guys want independence, they need to accept the other emotions that are a part of it too.
13. Challenge Status Quo
https://i.redd.it/8tczc5bsisl11.gif
I loved that one suggestion of not bowing to social stereotyping and preconceived notions. I had to clarify only to find out that meant. He was kind enough to explain that it was to be able to do not do something purely based on one’s own preferences and not that Aunty Mala next door nearly had a seizure when she witnessed a passionate goodbye.
14. Tick Tock
https://i.redd.it/tiqxko0tisl11.gif
In short, he needs to know what time he needs to pick you up from Capello salons after a full dressing to rush back home to wear your heels and may even consider a different clutch and still make it to the wedding on time. While you think you've beaten Susanthika Jayathilaka's record for speed, he is fuming because you haven't factored in the traffic down Highlevel Road at 6 pm.
15. The Socially Savage
https://i.redd.it/2d8dq7rtisl11.gif
I saved the best for last. This was my personal favourite. It’s refreshing to see that some guys don’t want a girl who is constantly pining for attention on the ‘gram of her shedding grammes. The sin isn’t in posting selfies with finger deftly touching strands of hair that aren’t being blown away nor the borrowed quotes from Coco Chanel, but the constant need to have a tsunami of likes on every picture.
I loved that none of these guys spoke about external factors of peaks and troughs or the need for the wife whose sole duty was to cook and clean – perhaps Colombo is in for a great change after all!
https://i.redd.it/hk5uc5juisl11.gif
submitted by MsConfidential to srilanka [link] [comments]


2018.05.18 02:48 DontReallyCareThanks The Flight of Eagles, Part 5a (this one's a doozy)

An alternate-history starting with the US not entering WW1, focusing around the discovery of trans-Newtonian elements by a reconstituted Holy Roman Empire.
As always, feedback on ship designs and anything else welcome, as I still don't really know what I'm doing.
I outdid myself a little for this one, so it's been split into parts because Reddit doesn't swallow such large chunks whole.
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5b
March 13, 2005
The Holy Roman Empire's first fuel harvester, FH Amethyst of the Diamond class (the eponymous ship is undergoing finishing touches in the shipyards after a few production over-runs) floats free of her moorings and fires up engines, crewed by long-duration merchant seamen. After a brief brachistochrone to Luna to test the self-sealing stem bolts, she sets course for Uranus.
March 21, 2005
The other three of the first flight of fuel harvesters, FH Diamond among them, turn on their coffee-makers. Another three are immediately commissioned; with each capable of sucking down around 1.5 million liters per annum, the Navy wants at least nine, and possibly more.
April 30, 2005
Mirogniew Pliszka, nearly as well known by now as Petru Jonker in his prime, finishes adapting box launchers for use with trans-newtonian technology.
Box launchers are an old and mature technology at this point, seeing service on the wet-navy warships of every major power on Earth. However, various problems have beset its transition into the trans-Newtonian era, such as miniaturization and ruggedization of the technology necessary to store pseudo-solid sorium in the long term, a problem that up to now has required extensive attendant magazine machinery.
June 18, 2005
The first Graf Spee gravsurvey shuttle is built and blasts off to survey several points around the solar system that the late Jonker's theory states could give rise to these jump points much mentioned of late in the press. Its departure is met with jubilee in many circles, and trepidation in some.
August 11, 2005
Earth's tritanium mines have been steadily yielding less and less usable ore, and today analysts believe that there simply is no more in Earth's crust.
Ironically, it is neutronium shortages that loom large in the HRE's future. Neutronium ores have not yet run out, but industry is consuming extant stocks at a breakneck pace, mostly to provide maintenance facilities capable of servicing ships of the tonnages the orbital shipyards are equipped to lay down.
September 28, 2005
The Atlantic States Alliance launches a new class: the Virginia, in the form of Virginia 001. What she's for, Imperial analysts are uncertain, as the ASA is quite close-mouthed with their designs.
October 10, 2005
Graf Spee 001 - the shuttles are too small for individual names - reports the first successful location of a prospective jump point. While it does not contain the machinery to manipulate the gravitic disturbance, the fields correspond precisely to theoretical predictions.
This one lies just inside the orbit of Mars. The reaction among strategists at this news is mixed. So close! And yet, so close, in case nosy neighbors come a-knocking.
At least this way the PDC Deutschland can keep a constant eye on it with the integral long-range ship-search sensor. Which it promptly does, and discovers that the newly launched Virginia is doing something at the gate... something uncertain. For the moment, it bears monitoring.
October 29, 2005
Blueprints for the Hessen class of destroyer escorts are sent to the shipyards for production, though with one last minute change made available by new breakthroughs in electronic warfare: an in-place upgrade of her ECM suite.
December 13, 2005
A current rundown of the ASA's ship classes:
  • Nautilus
    • Estimated Tonnage: 15550
    • Thermal Signature: 1
    • Observed Speed: 1
    • Salient features: A resolution 1, strength 189 anti-missile sensor
    • Prospective role: An orbital weapons platform, probably in an anti-missile role.
  • Gato
    • Estimated Tonnage: 15550
    • Thermal Signature: 1
    • Observed Speed: 1
    • Salient features: A resolution 1, strength 189 anti-missile sensor
    • Prospective role: An orbital weapons platform, probably in an anti-missile role. One or the other of Gato and Nautilus likely hold AMMs, where the other probably has a beam armament (probably mesons, for reasons that will become clear).
  • Essex
    • Estimated Tonnage: 32800
    • Thermal Signature: 750
    • Observed Speed: 1143
    • Salient features: None
    • Prospective role: A freighter or colony ship
  • Fletcher
    • Estimated Tonnage: 2950
    • Thermal Signature: 84
    • Observed Speed: 1423
    • Salient features: None
    • Prospective role: Geosurvey or gravsurvey
  • Spruance
    • Estimated Tonnage: 20200
    • Thermal Signature: 750
    • Observed Speed: 1856
    • Salient features: None
    • Prospective role: A freighter or colony ship
  • Coontz
    • Estimated Tonnage: 5450
    • Thermal Signature: 336
    • Observed Speed: 3082
    • Salient features: None
    • Prospective role: Destroyeescort
  • Hornet
    • Estimated Tonnage: 39000
    • Thermal Signature: 2100
    • Observed Speed: 2692
    • Salient features: None
    • Prospective role: ??? ship of the line
  • Virginia
    • Estimated Tonnage: 65300
    • Thermal Signature: 1500
    • Observed Speed: 1148
    • Salient features: Loitering near jump points
    • Prospective role: Jump gate constructor
January 14 2006
Neutronium runs out - and not just the stuff in the mines, either. Long term heavy over-use has left Earth with vanishingly small stockpiles, and shortages force the abandonment of long-term suspension of several projects, such as the addition of slipways and the expansion of maintenance bays.
This marks the beginning of chronic shortages that will define the Empire for the foreseeable future.
The mineralogical survey of Sol does not bring much solace, either: neutronium is a scarce resource in extra-terrestrial bodies. Nevertheless, there is some, and projects are already underway to expand the Empire's extraction capabilities.
January 20, 2006
Luna's population reaches 30 million souls, and in a special meeting of the Imperial council, it is decided to recognize the colony as an independent elector state. Henceforward Luna is no longer a colony, and holds a vote in the election of a new Emperor.
January 26, 2006
Sol's second jump point is found just outside the orbit of Jupiter. This placement is the worst of both worlds: still close to the inner system, but far enough out not to be subject to the sensor suite on the PDC Deutschland.
April 3, 2006
The Virginia finally leaves Jump Point 1. The massive ship leaves behind it a strange, massive structure that constantly broadcasts a chaotic series of low-power gravitational waves, but otherwise is difficult to detect, as it doesn't appear to be all there.
It's all quite shocking and confusing, and ultimately hundreds of Imperial doctoral students will write their dissertations on the qualities and prospective functions of the structure.
June 2, 2006
Sol's third jump point is discovered just outside the orbit of Neptune. With three discovered so far, Imperial strategists begin to turn to the problem of exploring the possibilities behind these phenomona - and how to secure them against hostile influence.
June 17, 2006
Designs for a new exploration ship and jump tender, intended to operate in pairs, are sent to the orbital shipyards for production:
Charles Fehrenbach class Exploration Ship 17 150 tons 339 Crew 2128.1 BP TCS 343 TH 450 EM 0 1311 km/s Armour 3-59 Shields 0-0 Sensors 80/80/0/0 Damage Control Rating 24 PPV 13.5 Maint Life 4.46 Years MSP 1086 AFR 168% IFR 2.3% 1YR 88 5YR 1323 Max Repair 160 MSP Intended Deployment Time: 60 months Flight Crew Berths 0 Flag Bridge Hangar Deck Capacity 4000 tons Magazine 90 Sowa -Marczewski 150 EP Commercial Ion Drive (3) Power 150 Fuel Use 9.28% Signature 150 Exp 5% Fuel Capacity 1 000 000 Litres Range 113.0 billion km (997 days at full power) Aegis CIWS-6-7.5-120 (4x6) Range 1000 km TS: 12000 km/s ROF 5 Base 50% To Hit Ovidiu Techsystems S6 Box Launcher (10) Missile Size 6 Hangar Reload 45 minutes MF Reload 7.5 hours Ovidiu Techsystems S1 Box Launcher (30) Missile Size 1 Hangar Reload 7.5 minutes MF Reload 1.2 hours Colombo Electronics MFC/S FC27-R80 S0.6 (1) Range 27.0m km Resolution 80 Colombo Electronics MFC/M FC19(2)-R1 S5 (1) Range 19.2m km Resolution 1 Triumph 1 AMM R6.9 (30) Speed: 24 400 km/s End: 4.7m Range: 6.9m km WH: 1 Size: 1 TH: 97/58/29 Vogel S6 SRASM R26.1 (10) Speed: 19 300 km/s End: 22.5m Range: 26.1m km WH: 9 Size: 6 TH: 70/42/21 Colombo Electronics AS/F MR28-R5-S10 (1) GPS 800 Range 28.6m km Resolution 5 Colombo Electronics AS/M MR12(1.4)-R1-S10 (1) GPS 160 Range 12.8m km MCR 1.4m km Resolution 1 Mihaili-Pavel Thermal Sensor TH10-80 (1) Sensitivity 80 Detect Sig Strength 1000: 80m km Mihaili-Pavel EM Detection Sensor EM10-80 (1) Sensitivity 80 Detect Sig Strength 1000: 80m km ECM 20 Strike Group 4x Graf Spee Gravitational Survey Vessel Speed: 1212 km/s Size: 9.9 4x Prinz Eugen Geological Survey Vessel Speed: 1212 km/s Size: 9.9 Missile to hit chances are vs targets moving at 3000 km/s, 5000 km/s and 10,000 km/s This design is classed as a Military Vessel for maintenance purposes 
The Charles Fehrenbach class is designed for its primary role as a self-contained, detached operation mothership for a survey corps. As such, it should be capable of long range and deployments, with plenty of crew berths to allow even family aboard. At the same time, it functions as a passive sensor array while in-system, in order to detect and evade threats as well as provide near-real-time system surveillance for the survey mission.
Finally, the Charles Fehrenbach class carries two separate batteries of box launchers and 4 integrated CIWS emplacements for self-defense and deterrence in the last eventuality, as wel as a pair of active sensors designed to allow the detection and targeting of small craft and missiles, with the idea that a ship under fire will not be able to disable any large attacker, but might be able to fend off missile and fighter strikes until she can escape and evade.
Schnellboote class Jump Tender 22 900 tons 171 Crew 1078 BP TCS 458 TH 600 EM 0 1310 km/s JR 2-25(C) Armour 2-71 Shields 0-0 Sensors 1/1/0/0 Damage Control Rating 0 PPV 0 MSP 0 AFR 4580% IFR 63.6% Max Repair 75 MSP Intended Deployment Time: 60 months Spare Berths 0 Gajos Heavy Industries JC40K Commercial Jump Drive Max Ship Size 40500 tons Distance 25k km Squadron Size 2 Sowa -Marczewski 300 EP Commercial Ion Drive (2) Power 300 Fuel Use 6.19% Signature 300 Exp 5% Fuel Capacity 3 500 000 Litres Range 444.4 billion km (3926 days at full power) Aegis CIWS-6-7.5-120 (10x6) Range 1000 km TS: 12000 km/s ROF 5 Base 50% To Hit This design is classed as a Commercial Vessel for maintenance purposes 
Less attractive by far than the Charles Fehrenbach for duty assignments due to her lack of any offensive armament or sensors, the ironically-named Schnellboote is built around a massive, overbuilt drive system that holds the key to FTL and is the vital component to any exploration and survey mission.
Nicknamed the 'Jonker drive' due to being based on designs originally drafted by the late scientist, the new drive should allow fleets of ships up to 40 kilotonnes to transit a jump point, if all goes according to plan. Extensive Earthside and orbital testing have revealed no flaws in the operation of the drive, but by the nature of things any testing other than at a jump point is destined to be incomplete.
The drive is massively overcooked for a survey squadron, but it is hoped that if the drive functions it could be deployed for interstellar commercial shipping, and the Bayern hull is just under 40 kilotonnes.
August 12, 2006
Sol's fourth jump point is pinned down, also just outside Neptune orbit. Only slightly further out than the third jump point, the angle between the two is around 140 degrees, meaning a transit from one to the other is an undertaking with current drive technologies.
August 18, 2006
Chronic neutronium shortages have perforce caused shipyards to cease expansion and entailed a massive re-organization of production priorities to avoid neutronium-dependent projects. Of particular note, the HRE's maintenance facilities do not currently have the capacity to service one of the new exploration carriers. This is fine for the moment, as they were designed with long deployments in mind, but with no end to the neutronium shortages in sight, all we can do for the moment is kick the can down the road.
However, there is one bright spot; the contraction in administrative production has allowed tax receipts to catch up with expenditures and begin to very slowly pay down government debt.
Reinmuth, as the single largest source of neutronium in the Solar system at a prospective 17,000 tonnes, is slated to receive several shipments of the new automated mines. However, with the neutronium scarcity it will not be getting a mass driver, though this is one of the few cases where the benefits might outweigh the risks, as Reinmuth will eventually disappear into the Oort cloud with any local stockpiles.
September 27, 2006
Ten years after the cessation of hostilities, relations have improved significantly between the various member states of the Atlantic States Alliance, and today the Holy Roman Empire signs a series of multi-lateral trade agreements with these member states to open ports on all sides to the flow of goods, subject to individual tarriffs as determined by the individual treaties.
This immediately improves the Imperial balance sheet tremendously, providing enough cashflow to pay off all remaining bonds within six months at current expenditure.
October 9, 2006
The next flight of 3 new Diamond class fuel harvesters reports all operational and sets course for Uranus with the bare minimum of necessary fuel for the journey. Once in place they will purchase all the fuel aboard the many private or contract-owned fuel harvesters (whose primary market is planetside power generation) and settle down to refining the upper atmosphere of that pale blue ice giant.
By this point, though their primary mission is fuel recovery, the first three harvesters have had plenty of time to view and track the currents of Uranus' atmosphere, and the current theory gaining traction for the explanation of Uranus' large hexagonal banding radiating from the side-on poles is not standing gravity waves, but rather semi-static gaseous density boundaries, with the expected expected circular pattern deformed by gravitational radiative pumping.
October 24, 2006
Roughly six months after the ASA's Virginia left its strange pseudo-structure embracing the intra-Martial jump point, it finishes another on the second jump point in the Sol system, which immediately comes on-line, broadcasting the same chaotic gravitational interference.
And then the vessel disappears.
Within days, the Imperial Scientific Bureau's Gravitational Theory and Analysis arm boils over with argument. One camp maintains that obviously the Virginia has a jump drive of truly staggeringly massive proportions, and is some kind of survey and exploration craft capable of extremely long-range gravimetric analysis. The other advances the theory that, instead, these strange structures are some kind of as-yet-undiscovered method of stabilizing the jump points and allowing ships even without a jump drive to transit them - in effect, an external jump drive.
Whichever side is right, the obvious fact is that the Atlantic States possess interstellar technology well in advance of the Empire's; a fact that will give the current Emperor ulcers and eventually lead to his premature death from stress and lack of sleep.
December 18, 2006
The first Hessen class DE, DE Goblin, is built and begins training her crews. Her sister ship DE Dwarf is still in dry-dock, being gutted and refit after it was discovered that PEL's reactor for her was faulty, causing a near-critical incident and a large cleanup operation.
January 27, 2007
While governmental income is still positive, for the nonce the added cost of contracting and laying down new hulls has severely eaten into the sudden bolus from the Empire's new trade agreements.
Speaking of which, after an initial flurry of wild speculation on the market due to the massive nature of the shift involved in a multilateral international trade agreement, especially in the trans-Newtonian age, the market has settled to a steady boom, with the Holy Roman Empire running a consistent trade surplus with most of the Atlantic member states. The HRE specializes in the manufacture and export of all manner of industrial and pharmaceutical chemicals and their precursors, as well as heavy machinery and civilian transport - mostly cars and boats, though recently a fad among the rich has been to purchase sub-orbital sorium-powered pulse-jets that give 'jet setting' a new meaning. Interestingly, the HRE's single largest export is furs and ivory from the African and Polynesian possessions, where the export exceeds four hundred million tonnes per annum. The ivory boom in particular is helped tremendously by the breeding of the Pygmy Shovel-tusk elephant, a new domestic breed with ivory that grows at such a rapid rate that it requires regular cutting for the comfort of the animal. In fact, there is so much ivory and fur on the market that such luxuries are within easy reach of the average middle-class consumer.
Interestingly, beyond the luxury exports, furs trade strongly on Luna and Mars as a cheap insulation method to allow energy savings in habitat conditioning, and it is quite usual to see natives bundled up in mink or beaver.
On a darker note, those same off-worlders take advantage of relaxed customs and safety inspections to export a burgeoning supply of black-market drugs, mostly based around a new morphine derivative fifteen times stronger than heroin. As the supply largely goes to the ASA rather than staying in 'home waters', and export duties are paid as a matter of form (often for 'pharmaceuticals' or 'textiles', two of the largest extra-terrestrial exports), the HRE customs and inspection officials mostly turn a blind eye. In fact, a number of street names in Baltimore are references to this 'miscategorization' - Lunar linen and satin sky are two popular derivatives along the Eastern seaboard of the USA.
February 15, 2007
All four gravsurvey shuttles return home for repair and overhaul after reporting that, as far as their skippers can ascertain, the gravitational survey of Sol is complete.
Humanity's home system hosts five jump points. Two of these already host large cradles constructed by the ASA, underscoring the Holy Roman Empire's new and uncomfortable 'junior partner' status in mankind's race to the stars.
February 28, 2007
In a diplomatic gesture of cooperation (and dominance), the UK shares technical details on 10- and 12-centimeter meson generation arrays, but neglects to mention how such a generator might be focused to effect. Meson beams pass through most matter without interaction until the particles therein decay into leptons with a force of ~20MeV. Fortunately the yield of the effect is small, as the collimation device (missing from but mentioned in the blueprints shared with the HRE) apparently can only align miniscule fractions of the beam population, but the effect still bypasses all known armour.
The message is clear: we know how to build and use these, and you don't. Watch yourself and don't get any uppity ideas.
Needless to say, Imperial naval planners are unsettled.
March 20, 2007
The ASA launches a new class: the Wickes:
  • Wickes
    • Estimated Tonnage: 7800
    • Thermal Signature: 924
    • Observed Speed: 5923
    • Salient features: Resolution 78 strength 210 active sensor, range estimate 164mkm
Upon consideration, the Wickes is believed to be a fast scout or sensor platform, possibly designed for detached service. However, its armament must perforce be light within the constraint of its sensor cross-section.
April 11, 2007
Trans-Newtonian advancements finally begin trickling down to the Imperial Army, long-time red-headed stepchild when it comes to the benefits of the ISB. These improvements take the form of high-endurance exo-skeletons and robotic gear-carriers, which allow a soldier to carry a significantly heavier loadout.
Unfortunately these benefits are mostly theoretical, as neutronium shortages have scuppered the long-promised expansion in training campuses and new units, where neutronium is a vital resource for its high durability and several esoteric properties. Research is underway into substitutes that provide much the same support but do not rely on this scarce mineral, but so far nothing has borne fruit.
May 25, 2007
Vendarite mines finally dry up on Earth. This is little more than a passing note at the moment, however, as vendarite draw is low and the Empire has a large stockpile. However, extra-terrestrial sources are scarce, with perhaps another 86 kilotonnes in the Solar system.
June 7, 2007
The Salient class Fast Attack Craft begins production:
Salient class Fast Attack Craft 1 000 tons 40 Crew 201.1 BP TCS 20 TH 144 EM 0 7200 km/s Armour 2-8 Shields 0-0 Sensors 1/1/0/0 Damage Control Rating 0 PPV 6 Maint Life 2.8 Years MSP 31 AFR 32% IFR 0.4% 1YR 6 5YR 86 Max Repair 27 MSP Intended Deployment Time: 1 months Spare Berths 0 Kulczycki Marine 48 EP Ion Drive (3) Power 48 Fuel Use 332.63% Signature 48 Exp 20% Fuel Capacity 50 000 Litres Range 2.7 billion km (4 days at full power) Korzha-Milosovici 15cm Railgun V3/C3/R9/ROF15 (1x4) Range 64 000km TS: 7200 km/s Power 9-3 RM 3 ROF 15 3 3 3 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 Raducioiu-Grul Sensor Systems BFC S00.9 32-5250 (1) Max Range: 64 000 km TS: 5250 km/s 84 69 53 37 22 6 0 0 0 0 Pasquale Engines Limited GCFR S0.6 P1.15/3.105 (2) Total Power Output 6.21 Armour 0 Exp 12% Colombo Electronics AS/S MR28-R150 S1 (1) GPS 3150 Range 28.3m km Resolution 150 This design is classed as a Military Vessel for maintenance purposes 
Armed with a single 15cm railgun, the Salient is the Empire's current answer to projecting power and protecting vital interests in the inner system. With a very small hull and 30% of its internal space given to massiverly overtuned engines, the Salient is capable of chasing down and engaging threats at close range. It can also perform in a point defense role en masse, though it would need a missile spotter as its onboard sensors are intended to pick up larger ships. However, the Salient's primary virtues are its extremely low production costs and its miniscule maintenance footprint, allowing these craft to be massed in large numbers to meet a potential threat.
Imperial power may be junior to the Atlantic states, but in case of a diplomatic breakdown or unforeseen event we must be ready to defend ourselves, if not bring the fight to the enemy.
August 13, 2007
The first two Salient fast attack craft are ready for manning in just over two months, further underscoring the advantages of the design in low build cost and quick turnaround time. More are on the way already, with plans for around a flight of sixteen.
October 31, 2007
The two exploration motherships, Marc Aaronson and George Ogden Abell, are ready for duty. However, they still await the production of their complement of survey shuttles and the assembly of their attendant jump tenders, so they are directed to take their sweet time in their shakedown cruises - no point in finding out about problems several light-years away from home when you could know about them now. (And besides, the maintenance facilities to support the Charles Fehrenbach class don't yet exist...)
November 21, 2007
The attendent jump tenders for the two exploration squadrons are successfully completed. With the waiting geo and gravsurvey shuttles (enough for one full complement), then newly named 'Exploration Alpha' (Fleet High command has a very imaginative naming scheme) or 'Explo Alpha' for short sets course for the first jump point - the one within the orbit of Mars.
Meanwhile, the sister-designated Exploration Beta waits for her complement of survey shuttles to reach completion.
November 23, 2007
Two days after setting out for the jump point, Explo Alpha disappears from the Deutschland's sensor board.
Communication is established mere hours later by an ingenious, foreseen expedient: the George Ogden Abell has aimed a graviton beam, of the sort used in Imperial sensor technology but carefully collimated and aimed at the jump point, to 'ripple' the gravitational anomaly. These ripples can in turn be picked up by gravitational sensors in Sol and interpreted, while messages can go the other way as well (though not duplex - two beams attempting to manipulate the jump point merely interfere).
According to the astrogation computers, Explo Alpha has jumped into Luyten's Star, which hosts a single red dwarf of about average luminosity and mass for that class. Initial long-range readings confirm those of Earthbound astronomy, with a superjovian at around 1 AU from its primary hosting a large system of moons and clusters of asteroids at the trojans. However, there are also three previously unknown rocky planets, with the first orbiting close enough to the cool, small star to provide a surface temperature of 28C - an ideal colonization candidate with a cost of 2 on the standard scale.
After the first few hours of data analysis and gathering, Explo Alpha launches her survey shuttles and waits for their results while refining her view of the system with her large passive arrays.
December 25, 2007
The first fuel delivery arrives from Uranus, consisting of close to 13,500,000 liters of fuel, a significant portion of Earth's stockpile to date. The crews are allowed to stay planetside until Epiphany, then sent back out to continue their mission of making sure the Empire never grinds to a halt for want of energy.
January 14, 2008
Explo Alpha reports the first discovery of a verified jump point in Luyten's Star, along with a detailed though incomplete log of geological data. Notably the superjovian has abundant and easily accessible supplies of sorium, and each of the inner planets has at least one deposit of trans-Newtonian minerals, though all would be difficult to extract.
Furthermore, when the jump point candidate was approached for final analysis, it was discovered that the ASA had a Coontz class ship was nearby performing some scientific mission. This prompts naval analysts to reclassify her as probably a gravsurvey vessel, albeit one with significantly more tonnage than a Graf Spee. Opinion is divided as to what makes up the extra tonnage. Is she a combined grav and geosurveyor? Does she perhaps have an internal jump drive? Both seem likely, as she appears to be on detached service. In any case, appropriate greetings are exchanged and the ships go on their separate ways after asking each other for news of home - Graf Spee 003 has more recent stuff than the Coontz.
March 27, 2008
The ASA launches a new ship, class designated Oliver H Perry after an American admiral:
  • Oliver H Perry
    • Estimated Tonnage: 23400
    • Thermal Signature: 1260
    • Observed Speed: 2692
    • Salient features: Resolution 78 strength 210 active sensor, range estimate 164mkm & resolution 20 strength 126 active sensor, range estimate 25mkm
Analysts believe the Oliver H Perry is intended to operate alongside the Hornet, given the similar tonnages and speeds, while providing anti-FAC sensor coverage and probably response. She may be intended as a cruiser leader or command ship, providing a picture of the battlefield under combat conditions to the rest of a detachment of warships.
However, that ship-finding sensor is over-fine and under-powered by Imperial navy standards, where a doctrine of outranging and outflanking the enemy reigns supreme - meaning that in many hypothetical warship designs, space is given over to large active sensor arrays capable of reaching out to nearly half a billion kilometers or even more.
March 27, 2008
20 days after the appearance of the first Oliver H Perry Imperial sensors detect the final construction of a new class in the ASA Navy, designated North Carolina. (Have I mentioned I wish you could mix themes for NPRs? Where are my French names, game?!)
  • North Carolina
    • Estimated Tonnage: 7800
    • Thermal Signature: 420
    • Observed Speed: 2692
    • Salient features: Resolution 78 strength 210 active sensor, range estimate 164mkm (again)
Best guess, based on similar speeds, is that this class is a destroyer or light cruiser intended to operate in tandem with a fleet, perhaps to provide vectored sensor coverage or point defense. On a side note, it appears reasonable to assume that the ASA has noticed the Holy Roman Empire's buildup of Salients and is building with them in mind, since a similar sensor as above using Imperial technology should be able to detect a Salient at about 14 mkm, despite the sub-optimal resolution profile.
These two new ships move of nigh-immediately to provide an active sensor picket of the jump point into Luyten's Star. Is this move in response to the Imperial survey fleet's transit? The ASA isn't saying, but they're tense aout something.
April 2, 2008
The final three fuel harvesters report ready for embarkation in Earth orbit. These latest three are of a new class: the Emerald, whose sole distinction from the Diamond class harvesters is an update to their CIWS systems to take advantage of new gearing and sensor technologies. Indeed, the change is slight enough that there is question of the need to designate the new class name - but the bureaucrat in charge of this particular design likes gemstones.
Shortly after finishing embarkation in a week-long process, the convoy trio sets a lumbering course to join its sister vessels in orbit of Uranus.
May 8, 2008
The second exploration squadron, Exploration Beta, receives the last of her survey shuttles and heads off for the second jump point, just within the compass of Jove.
May 15, 2008
Explo Alpha reports that the gravitational survey of Luyten's star is complete. Curiously, there is only one other jump point in the system, so the squadron will look into it when the geological reports are complete.
On the same day, Explo Beta makes her virgin jump out of Sol. Ground control officers hold their breaths, but everything goes to plan and Explo Beta is reporting home within half an hour through jump-point modulation.
It appears the squadron has found itself in a system called WISE 1506+7027 after the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer project in 1973 and the sky coordinates of the system. Again, Explo Beta's long-range sensors mostly confirm ground and orbital observations; WISE 1506+7027 is a brown dwarf about 12LY away from Sol. It also has absolutely no orbital bodies larger than a tennis ball. The gravsurvey crews get to work pinning down whether or not the Empire's burgeoning navigational charts need extension from here, while the geosurvey crews cool their heels aboard ship, mostly complaining to each other about how the galaxy won't let them do their jobs.
May 26, 2008
The first positive find in WISE 1506+7027 comes in a mere 11 days after transit; a second jump point closer in-system but almost a hundred and eighty degrees in opposition to the one leading to Sol. However, the distance between them is still only about one and a half billion kilometers, which shows the truly miniscule scale of the system.
Since WISE 1506+7027 is quite a mouthful, and it's quite possible that more systems known only by survey designations might be visited, the Astrogation Standards Committee decides that only the first of each such system will keep their names, whereas others will be renamed upon discovery. This will make referring to all involved easier, and allow even the originals to be shortened in speech; e.g. WISE referrs to WISE 1506+7027 and no other.
June 5, 2008
The second Hessen class destroyer escort, DE Dwarf, is finally done, and joins her sister-ship Goblin on maneuvers. Appropriations plans call for two more pairs to be built.
June 13, 2008
The last geosurvey shuttle in Explo Alpha reports its final results and begins heading back to the mothership. We can now safely say that Luyten's Star holds a smattering of resources, but all at low enough accessibility to be mostly uninteresting - except the superjovian, with sorium at 0.8. Notably, there's not a single tonne of neutronium anywhere.
Explo Alpha sets course for the only other jump point out of Luyten's Star, picking up the geosurvey crew along the way.
June 22, 2008
Graf Spee 007 confirms yet another jump point in the WISE system, this one closer in to the primary than the others found so far.
On the same day, leaving behind one of the squadron's miniscule repeater buoys, Explo Alpha makes the jump through the other Luyten's Star jump point. After half an hour the astrogation computers can confirm that the two ships are now in Wolf 359.
Wolf 359 is a miniscule red dwarf, one of the smallest stars known to exist and also one of Sol's closest neighbors. It is also a known flare star, capable of emitting large bursts of hard x-rays for minutes at a time in an unpredictable pattern, so crews are rigged for radiation protocols, a process that involves everyone wearing armoured neutronium-weave protective gear - and sweating like pigs the whole time, because ventillation is second to safety.
What comes as a shock is the single dwarf planet orbiting close to the primary. Another subject that will offer a field of inquiry for astrophysical graduate students, Wolf 359 is too violent for normal system formation theories to yield any satellites, as the frequent flares would disperse any condensing matter. This point is further bolstered by the fact that Wolf 359 A I orbits in a direction opposite to its primary's rotation and lies nearly on its side, like Uranus. However, Wolf 359 is also too small to capture a rogue planet, and without any other system bodies (save a handful of comets), the normal dynamic interactions that lead to stable capture orbits do not apply. Furthermore, the orbit is far too regular with an eccentricity of 0.2069, just slightly higher than Earth's.
submitted by DontReallyCareThanks to aurora4x [link] [comments]


2018.01.05 23:44 UomoCapra KSP Weekly: Looking Forward to a New Year!

Welcome to KSP Weekly everyone. First of all we want to wish everyone a Happy New Year filled with fortune and happiness. Last year was very important for us and 2018 is already off a big start. With the KSP Enhanced Edition, 1.4 Update and Making History Expansion, we couldn’t be more excited for what’s coming this year and, as always, we are very grateful to share our passion with you all.
As space enthusiasts, we are also looking forward to witness the exciting space missions that we’ll see this year. So let’s go through some of these:
To start things off, this month we should see the inaugural launch of SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy rocket. This will be the most powerful rocket in operation and this first launch will be taking Elon Musk’s own Tesla car to Mars orbit. The launch date hasn’t been settled though, but the company is aiming to do so sometime around the end of January or early February.
Additionally the company Rocket Lab, which is positioning itself as a low-cost way to reach for space, are launching the Electron rocket in New Zealand this month as well.
In February, Roscosmos will be sending a Progress cargo spacecraft to the International Space Station (ISS) in just three hours; the quickest time we've ever sent anything to the ISS.
Expected to be launched in March is NASA’s newest planet hunter, the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). Some estimate that it will find more than 3,000 planets outside the Solar System, including Earth-sized worlds.
Coupled with that, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) plans to launch its second mission to the Moon, called Chandrayaan-2, which will consist of an orbiter, lander, and rover.
During the month of April, SpaceX will perform an uncrewed test flight of its Crew Dragon spacecraft for the first time. China’s Tiangong-1 space station is expected to re-enter our atmosphere at some point during that time too.
Although having been delayed from 2016, the InSight lander is expected to be launched in May and after landing in November, it will attempt to study the Martian interior using seismology.
In June, China is expected to launch the Chang’e-4 relay satellite to the Moon, intended to be the orbital component of a planned lunar lander on the far side of the Moon by the end of the year.
JAXA's Hayabusa-2 spacecraft is expected to reach its target asteroid Ryugu around that time as well. The plan is to return a sample of the asteroid to Earth in 2020.
On July 31, NASA’s Parker Solar Probe will launch and will study the Sun by getting closer than any spacecraft has before. Moreover, NASA’s Juno mission at Jupiter is expected to end by coming down into its atmosphere.
In August Boeing is expected to perform an uncrewed test of its CST-100 Starliner spacecraft, with plans to then launch humans in November at the earliest. SpaceX is expected to perform a crewed flight test of the Crew Dragon during this month too.
And to make things even more exciting, around that month NASA’s Osiris-REx spacecraft will reach its target, the asteroid Bennu, from which it will return a sample to Earth in 2023.
The joint ESA and JAXA BepiColombo mission is expected to launch to Mercury in October. The mission comprises two orbiters, but it will not arrive into orbit around Mercury until December 2025, owing to the complexities of orbiting a body so close to the Sun.
Finally, on December 20, the launch of the Russian-built Nauka module is expected to happen. This will be one of the final modules of the ISS, but has been delayed since 2007. *
So there’s a lot to be looking forward this year. And while we wait for more exciting news about these missions, we will be certainly playing some KSP and be amazed by the ingenuity and creativity of the world’s scientists and engineers.
[Development news start here]
After a week off, we’ve returned rested and fully recharged to get back to work at full throttle. As expected, there’s a lot to do as we are getting ever closer to the release dates of the projects we are working on. In fact, we have just announced the Official Release Date for Kerbal Space Program Enhanced Edition. Click here to learn more before this new console version is released on Tuesday, January 16th!
In addition to the Enhanced Edition news, we’ve been hard at work on the Making History Expansion. This week the developers finished the Mission Overview/Objectives display in the Tracking Station for both mission building and mission playing. Some bug fixing happened as well. We encountered a bug that’s causing file system errors on the unix-land platforms, but the team is already tackling the problem and it will be fixed in the next couple of days.
The QA team is also getting ready for a balance pass. The new parts are all either working or mostly working, but some config values need to be updated still. The Russian-inspired pods for instance have a very low drag that makes a safe re-entry possible, but a little too hard unless you make a living playing the game. Many people using the pods would have a heck of a time not blowing up as soon as they hit thicker atmosphere, or just ploughing into a cliff at a velocity measurable in Mach numbers. While some people might appreciate the challenge, a ball shape shouldn’t slip through the atmosphere like a greased cat.
Other expansion parts also need tailoring to fit into the game alongside core parts, or to make using them “as intended” less of a Manley-level endeavor. The Apollo-inspired ascent module for instance, is capable of achieving a low (~10km) Mun orbit with a very few units of monoprop to spare. The margin for error though, seems tighter than an actual Apollo ascent module. Fine if you play everything in Iron Man mode, but this and many other parts need a close view under the microscope and discussion on whether they are usable by normal players, and in a state that is fit for release.
The team also added Stability Time and Vessel Speed options to the Landed Test Module. And on top of that they were able to implement a Docking Test Node, which will be performed by selecting the parts that need to be in the same vessel (or separated for the undock node).
And as we are talking about nodes, the testers are currently testing a new batch of them for the Mission Builder and we figured that we could, as usual, use the occasion to go into the details of what these nodes are going to do in the expansion (remember that the names are still prone to changes):
Additionally, we have good news for all players who were anxious to hear about the content that the 1.4 update is going to include aside from the localization package we’ve already disclosed… [Drum roll]...Several parts that we have been showing off in the past months will be included for free in this update. Check some of them out. And there are more features to be announced too...
That’s it for this week. Be sure to join us on our official forums, and don’t forget to follow us on Twitter and Facebook. Stay tuned for more exciting and upcoming news and development updates!
Happy launchings!
submitted by UomoCapra to KerbalSpaceProgram [link] [comments]


2017.10.21 14:59 TheStateOfIt Random Driver Highlight #12 -- Alberto Colombo

The good news about the next driver, driver #19, is that he has lots of stats that I can delve and dive into. The bad news? I don't think I know anything about his life...
...so let's delve right into it, shall we??

Alberto Colombo

STATISTICS
Years in F1: 1978
Teams Raced For: ATS, Merzario
Entries: 3
Starts: 0
Podium Finishes: 0
Points: 0
Highest Finish: DNQ
Italian Formula One Hairstylist's Contest: A too-close-to-call dead heat between him and Fabrizio Barbazza

Part 1: Slow Starter

Alberto Colombo was born in Varedo, Lombardi, Italy in 1946, just after the second World War ended, blessed with an afro from the gods and a double chin from the devil by his parents. Apart from that, nothing is really known about Alberto Colombo's early life, primarily because his early life was devoid of any motor racing action. The first record of Colombo existing in motorsport was the record that he won a Formula Junior race at Monza in 1968, already cracking 22 years in age.
By age 25, Colombo still hadn't progressed too far up the racing ladder from where he left off, only scoring the occassional victory in Formula Ford races around Italy, though after that he was starting to get somewhere. The next year, he landed a drive with Scuderia de Lario in Italian Formula 3, and slowly but surely, he made his mark. A pole position in his debut year was followed by a close campaign in 1973 where he barely lost the title to Carlo Giorgio on countback.
Finally, in 1974, Alberto Colombo won the Italian Formula 3 title.
At age 28.
And only a national Formula 3 champion.
Colombo probably came to the realization that he would need to get his arse into gear at this point, and so he did. Entering European Formula 2 in 1975, Colombo fared rather poorly, only notching up a single point to his name. I'll give him a pass, though as he was involved in a fairly heavy shunt at Thruxton that needed marshall's help in extracting him from the car (Just focus your attention on the steering wheel to see how heavy of an impact it was.)
A similarly unfruitful 1976 followed, again with just the solitary point. And it's not like Alberto Colombo had the fountain of youth on his side. He was already cracking thirty and was only approaching just his third season in Formula Two. He would need quite the upswing in form if he was to stand any chance in Formula One.
And, cometh 1977, that upswing finally arrived. Having signed with Euroracing, Alberto Colombo had a cracking start to the season. In the olden-days points system, where one had to finish in the top 6 to score points, Colombo finished in the points in 8 out of the first nine races, the most consistent run of points finishes in the series. Though no race wins came out of this, he did score his first Formula 2 podium in Mugello en route to 8th in the driver's standings, just losing out to Ingo Hoffman on countback.
It was at this time where Colombo, now turning 32, didn't seem like all too great of a future prospect for the 'junior' category of motorsport. Anticipating an 8th place result isn't exactly Formula One worthy materal and all prepared to try again in Formula Two, Colombo bit the bullet and started up his own team, San Remo Racing, for him to drive in the forthcoming 1978 season.
To be honest, for a self-started team, Colombo was doing much better than other, more experienced outfits around the paddock, with a fourth place at Hockenheim making the season look fairly promising for the old Italian.
Then, out of nowhere, he got his chance.

Part 2: Schoved by Schmidt into Schiesse and Moved by Merzario into a Mess

As we zoom into the Formula One world, we'll take the role of a fly on the wall of the ATS garage at Monte-Carlo. ATS, more known for making wheel rims more than anything, are using their first in-house chassis, the HS1, for the 1978 season for two very talented drivers: Jochen Mass, James Hunt's former teammate and Jean-Pierre Jarier, one of the unlucky drivers on the grid.
However good the driver would be, though, the chassis was awful. The zenith of it's awfulness came at Monaco, where Jarier failed to make the most glorious grid on the calendar in HS1. ATS team boss, Gunter Schmid, went on to have a massive row with Jarier, and before you could even say the words 'Did Not Qualify', Jarier was booted out of the team.
Now a problem arose for good old Gunter. He needed a new driver. How could he possibly do that, you might ask? Apparently, from what I could find out, Schmid had a simple formula. Look at the past year's Formula Two driver's championship and offer the role to the highest-ranked driver that hasn't yet competed in Formula One.
And that guy was the second-oldest in Formula Two at the time.
At 32 years, 2 months and 28 days old, Alberto Colombo would finally make his debut in Formula One at the Belgian Grand Prix.
He went on to do exactly what Jarier was fired for: failing to qualify. But really, this is just a little harsh on Colombo. He barely had any time in the car before arriving at Zolder, while also managing to avoid the dreaded, unmitigated failure of failing to pre-qualify. Likewise, in Spain, he also couldn't make the grid at all, but to a 32-year-old-Italian-with-unaerodynamic-hair's credit, he was just seven tenths off qualifying the car.
By that time, though, Gunter Schmid had had enough of Colombo in the car, as by now he found a certain talent was available. With Theodore withdrawing from the calendar for the forseeable future, the Finnish prospect that managed to win the 1978 BRDC Trophy in horrific conditions was now looking for a drive. Schmid took in the proven race-winner and kicked out Colombo. That prospect? Keijo Rosberg, or 'Keke' for short.
Colombo continued to toil on in Formula 2 for the rest of the year, ending up 10th in the standings in his own team in another respectable showing in the series. However, there was to be one more shot for Colombo in Formula One.
Merzario, owned by Arturo Merzario, were just like ATS this year, having experimented with a March 761B the year previous before taking on their own in-house design for the upcoming year, the Merzario A1. However, Merzario's exploits in Formula One were going far, far worse than ATS, with Arturo Merzario's solitary A1 chassis often ending up within those of the non-qualifiers.
Needing a boost, Merzario opted to construct a second A1 chassis that appeared in Austria. There were comments on the striking similarities this new chassis had to the March 761B they ran the year prior. Whether it was just a rebadged March or not, Merzario had two chassis on hand, and with his home race coming up in Monza, he wanted to enter both chassis for the race.
As Merzario took to his old A1, he hired Colombo for the one-off appearance in the March-zario 76-A1-whatever combo that chassis was. Colombo, once again shoved into a slow car without prior knowledge, failed to even pre-qualify for the race, setting the slowest time of all.
By now, it looked like the old Italian's journey in Formula One was over.
And it was. Without even starting a race.

Part 3: Does 'Temporada' mean 'Temporary'?

Most of Alberto Colombo's post-F1 career was actually rather...pedestrian. He competed for two more seasons in Formula Two for his own San Remo Racing, with a podium in each season before giving up driving duties for good. He would still run his team, San Remo Racing, for another six years, with a few notable drivers racing for him being Franco Forini, Paolo Barilla, Gabriele Tarquini and Ivan Capelli.
He also tried his hand at entering a Formula One race with his own team. With the Kauhsen team folding in 1979, Colombo bought most of their assets in an attempt to enter the Formula One calendar with his own team. Named Riviera F1, he even got Le Coq Sportif to plaster their logos on his car. All is good there, right? Well...let's just say buying your parts from Kauhsen of all teams isn't the best. The car had a multitude of technical problems right off the bat and Colombo himself was struggling to keep afloat even with the Sporting Cock money. As such, he sold off most of the parts to other outfits and the car was dismantled before a testing run was even complete
However, there is one story involving him in 1979 that's just beyond incredible.
Alberto Colombo, it seems, wanted to run absolutely everything. He ran his own Formula Two team. He wanted to run a Formula One team but tripped at the final hurdle. So, if you were Alberto, what would you do?
That's right. Run your very own racing series.
With the help of some Argentine bloke called Nestor Biglieri, Colombo packed his bags to South America to organize the F3 Temporada championship in Argentina, a country without it's Formula 3 series. And he wasn't just going to organize the series. In a total Berdimuhamedow move, Colombo was going to race in the very championship he was running.
It was a total failure.
The first round at Balcarce was already delayed by a week from the very beginning. The entry list, intially, was promising, with a grand total of 29 entrants. However, as everyone turned up, they were unhappy. The chassis they all received were ill-handling and under-prepared. What's more, the locally sourced tyre for the championship, PAM, had serious troubles deflating at high speed. As a result, the entry list of 29 became eleven by the time practice rolled around. With the unfortunate Guillermo Kissling having a massive off in practice, that meant only ten cars took the start in the two heats.
Alberto Colombo was running promisingly in his very own series in the second heat when something that can only be described as "irony" struck him. His tyres, the PAM tyres, the ones that deflated at speed, the ones he ordered, the ones he sourced to all other teams, the ones some teams took objection to. Those tyres.
They deflated dramatically.
Colombo was pitched into the pit area, injuring notable March mechanic Cesare Gariboldi and another pit crew member. More postponements were put in place to the following rounds as everyone tried to get their shit together. The round at Bahia Blanca was likewise held one week after its scheduled date, where only twelve cars took the start (one of them being a very inexperiened Michele Alboreto). Just four days later, the remaining rounds at Las Flores, El Pinar and Buenos Aires were cancelled, and Colombo's series folded.
The old Italian tried to run everything. He wasn't successful, sure, but at least he tried. And for that spirit, Alberto Colombo, I salute you.
My Other Random Driver Highlights:
#1, Edgar Barth
#2, Ken Richardson
#3, Gerhard Mitter
#4, Chris Amon
#5, Leo Kinnunen
#6, Rikky von Opel
#7, Roberto Bussinello
#8, Charles de Tornaco
#9, Moisés Solana
#10, Boy Hayje
#11, Roy Salvadori
submitted by TheStateOfIt to formula1 [link] [comments]


2017.10.21 14:55 TheStateOfIt Testberto Testombo

The good news about the next driver, driver #19, is that he has lots of stats that I can delve and dive into. The bad news? I don't think I know anything about his life...
...so let's delve right into it, shall we??

Alberto Colombo

STATISTICS
Years in F1: 1978
Teams Raced For: ATS, Merzario
Entries: 3
Starts: 0
Podium Finishes: 0
Points: 0
Highest Finish: DNQ
Italian Formula One Hairstylist's Contest: A too-close-to-call dead heat between him and Fabrizio Barbazza

Part 1: Slow Starter

Alberto Colombo was born in Varedo, Lombardi, Italy in 1946, just after the second World War ended, blessed with an afro from the gods and a double chin from the devil by his parents. Apart from that, nothing is really known about Alberto Colombo's early life, primarily because his early life was devoid of any motor racing action. The first record of Colombo existing in motorsport was the record that he won a Formula Junior race at Monza in 1968, already cracking 22 years in age.
By age 25, Colombo still hadn't progressed too far up the racing ladder from where he left off, only scoring the occassional victory in Formula Ford races around Italy, though after that he was starting to get somewhere. The next year, he landed a drive with Scuderia de Lario in Italian Formula 3, and slowly but surely, he made his mark. A pole position in his debut year was followed by a close campaign in 1973 where he barely lost the title to Carlo Giorgio on countback.
Finally, in 1974, Alberto Colombo won the Italian Formula 3 title.
At age 28.
And only a national Formula 3 champion.
Colombo probably came to the realization that he would need to get his arse into gear at this point, and so he did. Entering European Formula 2 in 1975, Colombo fared rather poorly, only notching up a single point to his name. I'll give him a pass, though as he was involved in a fairly heavy shunt at Thruxton that needed marshall's help in extracting him from the car (Just focus your attention on the steering wheel to see how heavy of an impact it was.)
A similarly unfruitful 1976 followed, again with just the solitary point. And it's not like Alberto Colombo had the fountain of youth on his side. He was already cracking thirty and was only approaching just his third season in Formula Two. He would need quite the upswing in form if he was to stand any chance in Formula One.
And, cometh 1977, that upswing finally arrived. Having signed with Euroracing, Alberto Colombo had a cracking start to the season. In the olden-days points system, where one had to finish in the top 6 to score points, Colombo finished in the points in 8 out of the first nine races, the most consistent run of points finishes in the series. Though no race wins came out of this, he did score his first Formula 2 podium in Mugello en route to 8th in the driver's standings, just losing out to Ingo Hoffman on countback.
It was at this time where Colombo, now turning 32, didn't seem like all too great of a future prospect for the 'junior' category of motorsport. Anticipating an 8th place result isn't exactly Formula One worthy materal and all prepared to try again in Formula Two, Colombo bit the bullet and started up his own team, San Remo Racing, for him to drive in the forthcoming 1978 season.
To be honest, for a self-started team, Colombo was doing much better than other, more experienced outfits around the paddock, with a fourth place at Hockenheim making the season look fairly promising for the old Italian.
Then, out of nowhere, he got his chance.

Part 2: Schoved by Schmidt into Schiesse and Moved by Merzario into a Mess

As we zoom into the Formula One world, we'll take the role of a fly on the wall of the ATS garage at Monte-Carlo. ATS, more known for making wheel rims more than anything, are using their first in-house chassis, the HS1, for the 1978 season for two very talented drivers: Jochen Mass, James Hunt's former teammate and Jean-Pierre Jarier, one of the unlucky drivers on the grid.
However good the driver would be, though, the chassis was awful. The zenith of it's awfulness came at Monaco, where Jarier failed to make the most glorious grid on the calendar in HS1. ATS team boss, Gunter Schmid, went on to have a massive row with Jarier, and before you could even say the words 'Did Not Qualify', Jarier was booted out of the team.
Now a problem arose for good old Gunter. He needed a new driver. How could he possibly do that, you might ask? Apparently, from what I could find out, Schmid had a simple formula. Look at the past year's Formula Two driver's championship and offer the role to the highest-ranked driver that hasn't yet competed in Formula One.
And that guy was the second-oldest in Formula Two at the time.
At 32 years, 2 months and 28 days old, Alberto Colombo would finally make his debut in Formula One at the Belgian Grand Prix.
He went on to do exactly what Jarier was fired for: failing to qualify. But really, this is just a little harsh on Colombo. He barely had any time in the car before arriving at Zolder, while also managing to avoid the dreaded, unmitigated failure of failing to pre-qualify. Likewise, in Spain, he also couldn't make the grid at all, but to a 32-year-old-Italian-with-unaerodynamic-hair's credit, he was just seven tenths off qualifying the car.
By that time, though, Gunter Schmid had had enough of Colombo in the car, as by now he found a certain talent was available. With Theodore withdrawing from the calendar for the forseeable future, the Finnish prospect that managed to win the 1978 BRDC Trophy in horrific conditions was now looking for a drive. Schmid took in the proven race-winner and kicked out Colombo. That prospect? Keijo Rosberg, or 'Keke' for short.
Colombo continued to toil on in Formula 2 for the rest of the year, ending up 10th in the standings in his own team in another respectable showing in the series. However, there was to be one more shot for Colombo in Formula One.
Merzario, owned by Arturo Merzario, were just like ATS this year, having experimented with a March 761B the year previous before taking on their own in-house design for the upcoming year, the Merzario A1. However, Merzario's exploits in Formula One were going far, far worse than ATS, with Arturo Merzario's solitary A1 chassis often ending up within those of the non-qualifiers.
Needing a boost, Merzario opted to construct a second A1 chassis that appeared in Austria. There were comments on the striking similarities this new chassis had to the March 761B they ran the year prior. Whether it was just a rebadged March or not, Merzario had two chassis on hand, and with his home race coming up in Monza, he wanted to enter both chassis for the race.
As Merzario took to his old A1, he hired Colombo for the one-off appearance in the March-zario 76-A1-whatever combo that chassis was. Colombo, once again shoved into a slow car without prior knowledge, failed to even pre-qualify for the race, setting the slowest time of all.
By now, it looked like the old Italian's journey in Formula One was over.
And it was. Without even starting a race.

Part 3: Does 'Temporada' mean 'Temporary'?

Most of Alberto Colombo's post-F1 career was actually rather...pedestrian. He competed for two more seasons in Formula Two for his own San Remo Racing, with a podium in each season before giving up driving duties for good. He would still run his team, San Remo Racing, for another six years, with a few notable drivers racing for him being Franco Forini, Paolo Barilla, Gabriele Tarquini and Ivan Capelli.
He also tried his hand at entering a Formula One race with his own team. With the Kauhsen team folding in 1979, Colombo bought most of their assets in an attempt to enter the Formula One calendar with his own team. Named Riviera F1, he even got Le Coq Sportif to plaster their logos on his car. All is good there, right? Well...let's just say buying your parts from Kauhsen of all teams isn't the best. The car had a multitude of technical problems right off the bat and Colombo himself was struggling to keep afloat even with the Sporting Cock money. As such, he sold off most of the parts to other outfits and the car was dismantled before a testing run was even complete
However, there is one story involving him in 1979 that's just beyond incredible.
Alberto Colombo, it seems, wanted to run absolutely everything. He ran his own Formula Two team. He wanted to run a Formula One team but tripped at the final hurdle. So, if you were Alberto, what would you do?
That's right. Run your very own racing series.
With the help of some Argentine bloke called Nestor Biglieri, Colombo packed his bags to South America to organize the F3 Temporada championship in Argentina, a country without it's Formula 3 series. And he wasn't just going to organize the series. In a total Berdimuhamedow move, Colombo was going to race in the very championship he was running.
It was a total failure.
The first round at Balcarce was already delayed by a week from the very beginning. The entry list, intially, was promising, with a grand total of 29 entrants. However, as everyone turned up, they were unhappy. The chassis they all received were ill-handling and under-prepared. What's more, the locally sourced tyre for the championship, PAM, had serious troubles deflating at high speed. As a result, the entry list of 29 became eleven by the time practice rolled around. With the unfortunate Guillermo Kissling having a massive off in practice, that meant only ten cars took the start in the two heats.
Alberto Colombo was running promisingly in his very own series in the second heat when something that can only be described as "irony" struck him. His tyres, the PAM tyres, the ones that deflated at speed, the ones he ordered, the ones he sourced to all other teams, the ones some teams took objection to. Those tyres.
They deflated dramatically.
Colombo was pitched into the pit area, injuring notable March mechanic Cesare Gariboldi and another pit crew member. More postponements were put in place to the following rounds as everyone tried to get their shit together. The round at Bahia Blanca was likewise held one week after its scheduled date, where only twelve cars took the start (one of them being a very inexperiened Michele Alboreto). Just four days later, the remaining rounds at Las Flores, El Pinar and Buenos Aires were cancelled, and Colombo's series folded.
The old Italian tried to run everything. He wasn't successful, sure, but at least he tried. And for that spirit, Alberto Colombo, I salute you.
My Other Random Driver Highlights:
#1, Edgar Barth
#2, Ken Richardson
#3, Gerhard Mitter
#4, Chris Amon
#5, Leo Kinnunen
#6, Rikky von Opel
#7, Roberto Bussinello
#8, Charles de Tornaco
#9, Moisés Solana
#10, Boy Hayje
#11, Roy Salvadori
submitted by TheStateOfIt to PostPreview [link] [comments]


2017.07.17 16:25 laxwkbrdr2 [Award Advice] IAD to Thailand February/March 2018

Miles: AAdvantage: Me-162,000 Wife- 161,000 ThankYou: Me- 65,000 Wife-10,000
We both have the Barclays and Citi AA Platinum cards so our AAdvantage balances will actually be 172,000/171,000 after our 10% back.
Home: Based out of DC so any of the local airports (BWI/DCA/IAD).
Dates: Feb/March 2018 for 2 weeks.
Class: Business/First
Travelers:2
It's on my bucket list to fly on a middle East carrier in Business/First. So we are putting all spend to our AA Cards to hopefully be at 185,000 to redeem for Business on Cathay WAS-NYC-HKG-BKK going there and then hopefully first connecting through Abu Dhabi on our return. I know AA won't allow routing over the Atlantic on our return from Asia 2, but was thinking of booking a flight to Colombo or Dhaka or the Maldives and redeeming from there on through AUH-NYC-WAS.
This will be my first big redemption so getting excited now that the miles have finally posted. Any advice on speeding up our earning of this last 15k AA miles?
submitted by laxwkbrdr2 to awardtravel [link] [comments]


2017.06.20 20:49 chrisolivertimes An Idiot's Guide to 9/11 and Numerology

This isn't a guide for idiots but a guide from an idiot. I've been researching numerology about 6 months since realizing two very important things: we have an enemy and that enemy goes to great lengths to create numerical "coincidences". (I can't use that word without sneer marks anymore. There are no coincidences. There are no coincidences. There are no coincidences.) Sometimes they make it real fucking obvious, like when a 22y/o attacked at 22:33 BST on the 22nd at -2.2 longitude killing 22 people. Don't panic, RAF22 took care of things.
So you're like some new age hippie? I'm certainly working towards it but genetically, I'm a datageek. It's a special subset of geek that enjoys databases, data sets, and finding patterns. I was even suckered into doing alot of free data work for reddit. As far as I'm concerned, what I'm looking at is a data problem; just another puzzle to be solved and I do loves me a good puzzle.

Numerology Basics

To say numerology is a subset of math is getting it backwards. Wot? I thought math was a subset of Logic? It is, it's a subset of the logical part of numerology. Numerology follows most of the same rules but has a few unique quirks.
How it differs:
Numerology has it's own set of "base numbers" that consists of 0 to 9 and all numbers with repeating digits. (E.g. 11, 22, 33, etc.) To find the base vibration of any other number, simply add up the digits until you're left with a single or repeating digit. E.g.:
Since numbers don't have value in numerology, their symbolism is far more important. Thus 26 and 62 are practically the same number-- as is 116 and 911 with 161, 616, 191, etc. being very close in vibration. Sometimes numbers don't need to be fully reduced, 8391 is also (sneakily) 1191 since 8+3=11 and further reduction isn't needed.
Some double-digit, non-repeating numbers have special values. 23 and 32 are considered to be numbers of compassion. 15 holds a few meanings as it's 1+5, 5+5+5 and 5*3 and thus can represent (or be represented by) itself, 6 (1+5), 8 (5+3), or 555. Where numbers in math are absolute, numbers in numerology are more quantum.

Numerology in action!

9/11 was more significant than we could have ever realized at the time. It was a reset button for the timer behind events in our cosmic play. 9/11 itself was jampacked with numerology (and don't miss the article from ABC News telling you it's all a coincidence.) Comparing the dates of other "terrorist" events yields more obvious patterns.
Here's a little cheat sheet:
date between event
12/13 2001 92 days Indian Parliament Sansad is attacked by terrorists. 15 people are killed, including all the terrorists.
12/29 2001 108 days Mesa Redonda shopping center fire, Lima, Peru, at least 291 killed.
10/12 2002 1y1m0d Terrorists explode two bombs in Bali's nightclub district killing 202 and injuring 209 mostly foreign tourists
5/16 2003 611 days In Casablanca, Morocco, 33 civilians are killed and more than 100 people are injured in the Casablanca terrorist attacks.
10/4 2003 2y0m22d Maxim restaurant suicide bombing in Haifa, Israel: 21 Israelis, Jews and Arabs, are killed, and 51 others wounded.
11/9 2003 788 days A suicide-terrorist attack in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, kills 17 people.
2/27 2004 2y5m15d A bombing of a Superferry by Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines worst terrorist attack kills 116.
3/11 2004 911 days Terrorists explode simultaneous bombs on Madrid's rail network ripping through a commuter train and rocking three stations, killing 190
4/2 2004 933 days Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks attempt to bomb the Spanish high-speed train AVE near Madrid. Their attack is thwarted.
4/3 2004 2y6m22d Islamic terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves.
1/19 2006 4y4m7d Terrorist blows himself up in Tel Aviv, killing only himself but injuring 20 people, one of them seriously.
3/30 2006 1660 days UK Terrorism Act 2006 becomes law.
7/11 2006 4y9m29d 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.
12/11 2007 2281days 6y2m29d Two car bombs go off at the Constitutional Court building in Algiers and the United Nations office. An estimated 45 people are killed in the bombings.
12/11 2010 3377days 9y2m29d Two explosions occur in a busy shopping district of Stockholm, Sweden, killing one and injuring two others. Officials say the incident is being treated as a terrorist attack.
7/1 2012 10y9m19d 17 people are killed and 45 injured in an attack on two churches in Garissa, Kenya
9/12 2012 11y0m0d 18 soldiers are killed by a rebel car bomb in Syria
9/16 2012 4022days 11y0m4d 8 female civilians are killed by a NATO airstrike in Laghman, Afghanistan; 8 police officers are killed by a roadside bombing by Kurdistan Workers' Party militants in Turkey;14 people are killed and 7 wounded by a roadside bomb Jandol, Turkey
9/19 2012 4025 days 9 people are killed and 20 wounded by a car bombing in Peshawar, Afghanistan
10/11 2012 11y0m29d A further 83 people are killed throughout Syria by the Syrian army
10/28 2012 11y1m16d 15 people are killed and 33 injured by a series of Baghdad car bombings
11/1 2012 11y1m20d 22 people are killed and 111 injured after a fuel tanker explodes in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
11/10 2012 4077days 11y1m29d 20 Syrian troops are killed by suicide bombings in Daara; 27 people are killed and dozens injured in a prison conflict in Colombo, Sri Lanka; 17 people are killed in a helicopter crash as a result of bad weather in Turkey
11/27 2012 11y2m15d 29 people are killed and 126 are wounded by 8 car bombings across Iraq
12/4 2012 11y2m22d 29 people are killed by a mortar attack in Bteeha, Syria
... ... ...skipping ahead, too damn many examples!
1/19 2017 5608 days Collapse of Plasco Building in Tehran, Iran (same tech used on 9/11)
3/22 2017 810 wks Terrorist attack on London's Westminster Bridge and Houses of Parliament kills 4 including a police officer and injures 40
4/9 2017 5688 days Two Egyptian coptic churches in Tanta and Alexandria attacked by suicide bombers leaving at least 44 dead
4/20 2017 5699 days Terrorist attack on police van on Champs Élysées, Paris 1 police officer killed, 2 injured
6/3 2017 15y8m22d Terrorist attack in Borough Market, London by three men who drive van into pedestrians then stab and kill 7 and wound 48. Attackers shot dead by British police.
6/14 2017 822 wks Fire in Grenfell Tower block in London kills at least 17 and leaves many missing
Look at the dates, look at the durations, look at the number of victims. Notice how often the number of victims is the same as the date or mirrored. For bonus points, check out the longitude/ latitude of these events and you'll find even more 6/9s, 11s, 22s, 33s, 44s, and repeating digits.
I've cherry-picked here to make a point but if you're interested, I've also made a giant report of all significant events since 9/11 and how the dates relate.

What? Why?

What's the point of this inhumanly-perfect plan? In short, the details all of these events create the equivalent of a cosmic computer code. Every single one of them can be reduced to a set of digits. For example, "12/11 2010: Two explosions occur in a busy shopping district of Stockholm, Sweden, killing one and injuring two others." translates to something like 121121212. That's the date, two explosions, one victim, and two injured. It's all hidden in the language and the news does this all the time.
Another example: 11/27 2012, 29 people are killed and 126 are wounded by 8 car bombings across Iraq. 11/27 or 11/2+7, '29 people' for another 11 and '126 wounded' for a second 9. 1191198. (What's the 8 for? Dunno!) A less-obvious one is "kills at least 17 and leaves many missing" That's 17 plus a 3 from the "many missing" for 1+7+3=11.
What's important to the enemy is how you feel about these events. There's a reason we see an uptick in "terror" events around 11s and 22s, they're trying to inject negative emotions into these master numbers that vibrate in and out of our reality. This is the metagame being played out around us and if I sound faint, it's because I'm shouting from the bottom of the deepest rabbithole.

What's the good in knowing?

Hopefully, predicting future events and exposing this cosmic deception for what it is. Upcoming dates to watch:
Strange days are coming. Strange days are here.
submitted by chrisolivertimes to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2017.06.20 20:00 chrisolivertimes An Idiot's Guide to 9/11 and Numerology

This isn't a guide for idiots but a guide from an idiot. I've been researching numerology about 6 months since realizing two very important things: we have an enemy and that enemy goes to great lengths to create numerical "coincidences". (I can't use that word without sneer marks anymore. There are no coincidences. There are no coincidences. There are no coincidences.) Sometimes they make it real fucking obvious, like when a 22y/o attacked at 22:33 BST on the 22nd at -2.2 longitude killing 22 people. Don't panic, RAF22 took care of things.
So you're like some new age hippie? I'm certainly working towards it but genetically, I'm a datageek. It's a special subset of geek that enjoys databases, data sets, and finding patterns. I was even suckered into doing alot of free data work for reddit. As far as I'm concerned, what I'm looking at is a data problem; just another puzzle to be solved and I do loves me a good puzzle.

Numerology Basics

To say numerology is a subset of math is getting it backwards. Wot? I thought math was a subset of Logic? It is, it's a subset of the logical part of numerology. Numerology follows most of the same rules but has a few unique quirks.
How it differs:
Numerology has it's own set of "base numbers" that consists of 0 to 9 and all numbers with repeating digits. (E.g. 11, 22, 33, etc.) To find the base vibration of any other number, simply add up the digits until you're left with a single or repeating digit. E.g.:
Since numbers don't have value in numerology, their symbolism is far more important. Thus 26 and 62 are practically the same number-- as is 116 and 911 with 161, 616, 191, etc. being very close in vibration. Sometimes numbers don't need to be fully reduced, 8391 is also (sneakily) 1191 since 8+3=11 and further reduction isn't needed.
Some double-digit, non-repeating numbers have special values. 23 and 32 are considered to be numbers of compassion. 15 holds a few meanings as it's 1+5, 5+5+5 and 5*3 and thus can represent (or be represented by) itself, 6 (1+5), 8 (5+3), or 555. Where numbers in math are absolute, numbers in numerology are more quantum.

Numerology in action!

9/11 was more significant than we could have ever realized at the time. It was a reset button for the timer behind events in our cosmic play. 9/11 itself was jampacked with numerology (and don't miss the article from ABC News telling you it's all a coincidence.) Comparing the dates of other "terrorist" events yields more obvious patterns.
Here's a little cheat sheet:
date between event
12/13 2001 92 days Indian Parliament Sansad is attacked by terrorists. 15 people are killed, including all the terrorists.
12/29 2001 108 days Mesa Redonda shopping center fire, Lima, Peru, at least 291 killed.
10/12 2002 1y1m0d Terrorists explode two bombs in Bali's nightclub district killing 202 and injuring 209 mostly foreign tourists
5/16 2003 611 days In Casablanca, Morocco, 33 civilians are killed and more than 100 people are injured in the Casablanca terrorist attacks.
10/4 2003 2y0m22d Maxim restaurant suicide bombing in Haifa, Israel: 21 Israelis, Jews and Arabs, are killed, and 51 others wounded.
11/9 2003 788 days A suicide-terrorist attack in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, kills 17 people.
2/27 2004 2y5m15d A bombing of a Superferry by Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines worst terrorist attack kills 116.
3/11 2004 911 days Terrorists explode simultaneous bombs on Madrid's rail network ripping through a commuter train and rocking three stations, killing 190
4/2 2004 933 days Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks attempt to bomb the Spanish high-speed train AVE near Madrid. Their attack is thwarted.
4/3 2004 2y6m22d Islamic terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves.
1/19 2006 4y4m7d Terrorist blows himself up in Tel Aviv, killing only himself but injuring 20 people, one of them seriously.
3/30 2006 1660 days UK Terrorism Act 2006 becomes law.
7/11 2006 4y9m29d 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.
12/11 2007 2281days 6y2m29d Two car bombs go off at the Constitutional Court building in Algiers and the United Nations office. An estimated 45 people are killed in the bombings.
12/11 2010 3377days 9y2m29d Two explosions occur in a busy shopping district of Stockholm, Sweden, killing one and injuring two others. Officials say the incident is being treated as a terrorist attack.
7/1 2012 10y9m19d 17 people are killed and 45 injured in an attack on two churches in Garissa, Kenya
9/12 2012 11y0m0d 18 soldiers are killed by a rebel car bomb in Syria
9/16 2012 4022days 11y0m4d 8 female civilians are killed by a NATO airstrike in Laghman, Afghanistan; 8 police officers are killed by a roadside bombing by Kurdistan Workers' Party militants in Turkey;14 people are killed and 7 wounded by a roadside bomb Jandol, Turkey
9/19 2012 4025 days 9 people are killed and 20 wounded by a car bombing in Peshawar, Afghanistan
10/11 2012 11y0m29d A further 83 people are killed throughout Syria by the Syrian army
10/28 2012 11y1m16d 15 people are killed and 33 injured by a series of Baghdad car bombings
11/1 2012 11y1m20d 22 people are killed and 111 injured after a fuel tanker explodes in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
11/10 2012 4077days 11y1m29d 20 Syrian troops are killed by suicide bombings in Daara; 27 people are killed and dozens injured in a prison conflict in Colombo, Sri Lanka; 17 people are killed in a helicopter crash as a result of bad weather in Turkey
11/27 2012 11y2m15d 29 people are killed and 126 are wounded by 8 car bombings across Iraq
12/4 2012 11y2m22d 29 people are killed by a mortar attack in Bteeha, Syria
... ... ...skipping ahead, too damn many examples!
1/19 2017 5608 days Collapse of Plasco Building in Tehran, Iran (same tech used on 9/11)
3/22 2017 810 wks Terrorist attack on London's Westminster Bridge and Houses of Parliament kills 4 including a police officer and injures 40
4/9 2017 5688 days Two Egyptian coptic churches in Tanta and Alexandria attacked by suicide bombers leaving at least 44 dead
4/20 2017 5699 days Terrorist attack on police van on Champs Élysées, Paris 1 police officer killed, 2 injured
6/3 2017 15y8m22d Terrorist attack in Borough Market, London by three men who drive van into pedestrians then stab and kill 7 and wound 48. Attackers shot dead by British police.
6/14 2017 822 wks Fire in Grenfell Tower block in London kills at least 17 and leaves many missing
Look at the dates, look at the durations, look at the number of victims. Notice how often the number of victims is the same as the date or mirrored. For bonus points, check out the longitude/ latitude of these events and you'll find even more 6/9s, 11s, 22s, 33s, 44s, and repeating digits.
I've cherry-picked here to make a point but if you're interested, I've also made a giant report of all significant events since 9/11 and how the dates relate.

What? Why?

What's the point of this inhumanly-perfect plan? In short, the details all of these events create the equivalent of a cosmic computer code. Every single one of them can be reduced to a set of digits. For example, "12/11 2010: Two explosions occur in a busy shopping district of Stockholm, Sweden, killing one and injuring two others." translates to something like 121121212. That's the date, two explosions, one victim, and two injured. It's all hidden in the language and the news does this all the time.
Another example: 11/27 2012, 29 people are killed and 126 are wounded by 8 car bombings across Iraq. 11/27 or 11/2+7, '29 people' for another 11 and '126 wounded' for a second 9. 1191198. (What's the 8 for? Dunno!) A less-obvious one is "kills at least 17 and leaves many missing" That's 17 plus a 3 from the "many missing" for 1+7+3=11.
What's important to the enemy is how you feel about these events. There's a reason we see an uptick in "terror" events around 11s and 22s, they're trying to inject negative emotions into these master numbers that vibrate in and out of our reality. This is the metagame being played out around us and if I sound faint, it's because I'm shouting from the bottom of the deepest rabbithole.

What's the good in knowing?

Hopefully, predicting future events and exposing this cosmic deception for what it is. Upcoming dates to watch:
Strange days are coming. Strange days are here.
submitted by chrisolivertimes to ConspiracyII [link] [comments]


2017.01.27 04:12 H0b5t3r [NEWS]Militaries of the IOTDC

The Militaries of the IOTDC members have been badly kept track of recently, here is an up to date breakdown of the militaries of each nation.

Sri Lanka and Maldives

Combined Population: 36,347,743
Combined Defense Spending: 4,462 million
Personnel: 204,210
Reserves: 73,000
Land Forces
Role Type Amount
MBT T-55/T-55AM2 62
MBT Type 69 23
MBT Type 59 86
APC Type 85 30
APC Type 92 200
APC BTR-80 25
APC Unibuffel 90
APC Unicorn 60
APC Buffel 31
APC HWK-217 10
IFV BMP-1 13
IFV BMP-2 49
IFV BMP-3 45
Artillery RM-70 22
Artillery BM-21 5
Artillery Type 66 152 mm gun-howitzer 40
Artillery Type 59 130mm field gun 40
Artillery Type 60 122mm howitzer 74
Artillery M-43 55
Artillery Type 86 55
Engineering Vehicle VT-55 16
Engineering Vehicle MT-55A 8
Sea Forces
Role Type Amount
Frigate Type 23 1
Patrol Boat Sukanya Class 1
Patrol Boat Reliance Class Cutter 1
Patrol Boat Vikram-class offshore patrol vessel 1
Patrol Boat Bay-class patrol boat 2
Patrol Boat Shanghai I class 2
Patrol Boat Shanghai II class 4
Patrol Boat Shanghai III class 3
Patrol Boat Lushun Class 2
Patrol Boat Tracker Mk II class Patrol Boat 4
Patrol Boat Tracker Class Patrol Boat 1
Patrol Boat 17m class Patrol Boat 1
Patrol Boat Dagger class Patrol Boat 1
Patrol Boat Cheverton class 1
Patrol Boat Trinkat-class patrol vessel 1
Patrol Boat 42m Patrol Craft 1
Patrol Boat 35m Patrol Craft 1
Patrol Boat Indian SDB Mk3 Class 1
Patrol Boat Dvora - Mk I 6
Patrol Boat Super Dvora - Mk II 3
Patrol Boat Super Dvora Mk III-class patrol boat 6
Patrol Boat Shaldag Class 7
Patrol Boat Colombo Class 35
Patrol Boat Arrow Speed Boats 125
Patrol Boat Wave Rider Craft 20
Patrol Boat Trinity Marine Class 5
Fast Missile Ship Sa'ar 4-class missile boat 2
Amphibious Vessels Hamilton Jet Model HM422 Fast Landing Craft 1
Amphibious Vessels Yuhai Class 1
Amphibious Vessels 29 m Landing Craft 2
Amphibious Vessels Yunnan Class 2
Amphibious Vessels ABS M-10 LSC 1
Auxilary Vessels Makar-class 6
Fire rescue 17m fire rescue boat 1
Air Forces
Role Type Amount
Multirole IAI Kfir 9
Multirole Mig-29 6
Multirole F-16A/C 5
Air Superiority Chengdu F-7 7
Ground Support/Attack Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano 2
Ground Support/Attack Mig-27 6
Trainer Planes Chengdu J-7 1
Trainer Planes MiG-23 1
Trainer Planes Hongdu JL-8 5
Trainer Planes RTAF-7 2
Maritime Patrol Planes Super King Air 2
Maritime Patrol Planes Kawasaki P-1 2
Maritime Patrol Planes Hakgala P-1 2
Maritime Patrol Planes Lockheed P-3 Orion 12
Transport planes An-32 4
Transport planes MA60 2
Transport planes Y-12 9
Transport planes C-130 2
Attack Helicopter Mi-24 10
Attack Helicopter Mi-8 10
Ocean Patrol Helicopter HH-65 Dolphin 1
Ocean Patrol Helicopter HAL Chetak 2
Ocean Patrol Helicopter Kawasaki OH-1 5
Utility Helicopter HAL DRUV 2
Utility Helicopter Bell 206 4
Utility Helicopter Bell 212 10
Utility Helicopter Bell 412 8
Utility Helicopter Mi-17 15

Seychelles

Population: 183,364
Defense Spending: 65 million
Personnel: 650
Sea Forces
Role Type Amount
Patrol Boat 42m patrol boat 1
Patrol Boat Type 062-class gunboat 4
Patrol Boat SDB Mk5 patrol vessels 2
Air Forces
Role Type Amount
Utility BN-2 1
Utility Harbin Y-12 1
UtilityDo-228 1
Maritime Patrol Hakgala P-1 1

Comoros

Population: 996,826
Defense Spending: 30 million
Personnel: 1000
Sea Forces
Role Type Amount
Patrol Boat Yamayuri patrol boats 2
Air Forces
Role Type Amount
Light Utility Eurocopter Ecureuil 1
Passenger transport Let L-410 Turbolet 2
Anti-Submarine Warfare Mil Mi-14 Haze 1
Trainer Aermacchi SF.260 3
Light Attack Aermacchi SF.260 2
Utiliy Cessna 402 1

Mauritius

Population: 2,987,247
Defense Spending: 595 million
Personnel: 10000
Sea Forces
Role Type Amount
Patrol Boat MCGS Barracuda Offshore Patrol Vessel 1
Patrol Boat Vigilant patrol ship 1
Patrol Boat Indian SDB Mk3 Class 1
Patrol Boat Zhuk patrol craft 2
Patrol Boat P-2000 patrol craft 1
Air Forces
Role Type Amount
UtilityDo-228 2
Reconaisance BN-2T Defender 1
Light Utility Alouette III 2
Light Utility AS355 1
Utility Helicopter HAL DRUV 1
submitted by H0b5t3r to worldpowers [link] [comments]


2016.11.15 07:03 _Zorawar_ The National Identity VII: Unshackling India’s strategic confinement

Independent India’s history, and to a large extent the present, have been defined by four lines: The Line of Control (LoC), the Durand Line, the McMahon Line and the Line of Actual Control (LoAC). This was the strategically confined-post World War II geographic and geopolitical reality which the British bequeathed to India, and a dewy eyed India not only accepted it, but has chosen to live with it ever since.
Bequeathing freedom and strategic confinement, in one go
The British also bequeathed to Independent India a highly professional, and a battle ready, Army. What started with the Madras Fusiliers in 1748, was fortified by regiments raised across the country, which won battle honours in theaters as diverse as Eastern Arabia (Beni Boo Ali) and Afghanistan in the pre-World Wars era to Flanders and Gallipolli in World War I and Northern Africa in World War II. Yes, Indians fought under British command and under the British flag, but this was still the Army which the British left behind – one with exactly two hundred years of battle experience.
What the British did not leave behind was the apparatus to make strategic decisions. Those decisions were always taken in London and the country born on the 15th of August 1947, the one professional well functioning organ that the British left behind – the Army, was also vivisected along with the nation. The nation had no experience of using her Army to pursue strategic ends and over the decades India never focused on building that capability either.
India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, was not only quite the statesman, he was also a unique blend of undefined policies and posturings in an increasingly “Cold Warred” world. He held deeply socialist views for the country, while holding grander visions of an “Asian Civilization” and Non-Alignment as the pillars of India’s foreign policy. This was quite the folly, Asia had never been one civilization and has always, historically, been large enough to house up to three civilizations – all at their zenith. This was and is the essential truth of the Asian continent – natural barriers and consequently natural spheres of influence. India, not only failed to identify these, but rather willfully chose to ignore incursions into her own sphere of influence.
“The defense budget is the price you pay for your foreign policy”
Nowhere are these repudiated responsibilities more visible than India’s Eastern theater – the McMahon Line and the Line of Actual Control. The McMahon line was drawn by the British to demarcate British India’s territorial borders with Tibet. India only bothered about the physical boundary, on the ground, intermittently. Mostly reactive in her actions, India failed to realize that the Himalayas in Tibet formed a natural barrier, as they have for millennia, and it was much easier for her – from the Southern side, to control Tibet and thus thwart any subsequent invasion plans. India willfully looked the other way when the Tibetan uprising in 1959 failed, which only provided impetus to China to carry out further misadventures, and led to the devastating and morale-sapping defeat in 1962, and the cowardice ever since.
Over on the North Western frontier, a country scarred by the Partition had to defend herself against tribal aggressors backed by a sovereign state. That has been the reality since. One would assume 67 years, and four wars, would lead to a solution, but India’s inability to use the military for strategic ends is laid bare every decade. The time when India had a larger conventional force, and hence, a clear advantage to force a solution, are over. The new reality is that the only nuclear armed Islamic state shares a 2000 mile border with her and those nuclear weapons in Pakistan are always pointed East. An uncalled for line – the Line of Control, which India had no obligation to honor or be confined by has created the strategic confinement on the Western front. It is self imposed and after 6 decades of self-flagellation, it has become the status quo. By not using the military as a means to a strategic end, the Defense budget has never been the price India pays for her foreign policy, it is simply a waste.
“You may do one Mumbai, but you will lose Balochistan” – Ajit Doval, India’s National Security Advisor and a former head of the Intelligence Bureau
Using the fourth
The fourth line, the Durand, always held an alluring solution to smash through this confine on India’s Western border through means of encirclement, but with typical short-sightedness India never used it.
The Great Game, fought by the Russian and the British over a hundred years, in the barren mountains of Persia (modern day Iran) and Afghanistan culminated in the drawing of the Durand Line, a 2250 mile border between Afghanistan and modern day – Pakistan. Afghanistan, a historical buffer West of the Indus, falls very much under India’s sphere of influence, and India has every right to stake a rightful claim, not a territorial one, just a rightful claim to influence policy and security debates in South Asia. When sovereign states use terrorism and proxy war as state policy, there is only so much you can achieve through negotiations. When the sovereign state is also nuclear armed, and proponents of this proxy war are at the negotiating table a similar insidious proxy war may perhaps be the only solution. If a state can identify “good” and “bad” terrorists, perhaps a neighbour can bet on a horse too, no?
India’s current Prime Minister’s trips to Central Asia are largely seen as a waste, beyond the obvious advantages of energy security. What Central Asia also offers is a chance to encircle an enemy state which doesn’t have the resources to fight a two pronged battle, militarily or economically. So, when India proposed a Yoga institute in Ashgabat, and the Turkmen president responded by saying that his government will grant land if the institute also taught Indian medicine, India didn’t hesitate. An Ayurveda teacher flew from Turkmenistan even before Modi finished his five-nation Central Asian tour — proof of how seriously New Delhi was conducting its charm offensive. Few people know that India’s first and only operational foreign air base is in the Central Asian nation of Tajikistan. The Research and Analysis Wing set up an airbase in Farkhor to supply the Northern Alliance in Afghanistan in 1997, years before the US knew that the Northern Alliance would be the horse that they would bet on.
In essence, the Great Game in Afghanistan never stopped, the actors playing it changed, and for just reason. In a massive coup, Afghanistan’s first President post the US invasion not only leaned towards India, but his eyes would moisten when he recalled his days as a youngster in Simla. India used this to her advantage and became the largest foreign benefactor of Afghanistan. That is soft power that no amount of money or a gun can buy, and India already has it, and by using it to improve a sovereign nation’s current state along with engaging an enemy state in a two front battle India is sending out the right message – Indian sponsored proxy wars might very well be reactive, but they will eat you before yours even touch us.
“India Conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border” – Hu Shih, Chinese philosopher, essayist and diplomat
The Indian Ocean, by contrast, is not a colonial gift to India. It is named the India Ocean after all, but its’ use and protection do need an upgrade. India, by virtue of geographic position, holds the strategic upper hand in the Greater India Ocean and this has worried China no end. No nation-state fears anything more than “encirclement” and China has been very proactive to counter India natural advantages.
India again, through years of neglect, has allowed China to construct a “string of pearls” around India. While experts disagree on the extent of this concept’s utility, it is a flagrant violation of all spaces that should be under New Delhi’s dominion. Now that this string of pearls is real, with Chinese ports ranging from Bangladesh, Indonesia, Sri Lanka to Pakistan, the only facet that can make it any worse for India is an overland route connecting these ports to Chinese cities (thereby encircling India). This Chinese plan is already in motion and is called OBOR – One Belt, One Road. China already has the Belt in place through the Maritime Silk Route, which has become a dominating feature of the Greater Indian Ocean and by connecting the Gwadar port in Pakistan to Chinese cities, the OBOR would be taken to fruition.
Experts, even the Economist, point out that these ports are commercial and the shipping lines of communication being set up and protected, are commercial, but what they fail to see is that maritime strength isn’t an either or proposition between the merchant fleet and the naval fleet. They come as a pair, a bundle and for better or worse, they can’t be decoupled. That is how the great sea faring nations of the world, the British and the Dutch, the Spanish and the Portuguese, rolled.
Many Indians raise the demand that the Indian government handle Chinese submarines docking in nearby Colombo more sternly. The Indian government responds by lodging a “strong vocal protest” and the Indian population sees it as an inadequate response. However, Naval experts don’t lose sleep over single submarines – rouge or not, nuclear armed or not, like Hollywood movies would have us believe. Submarines can, at best, protect narrow straits, but not a rough ocean like the Indian.
Submarines aren’t the Para-Commandos of the Navy, and they never will be. Naval warfare is a fleet game and submarines are best deployed as an advance party, but never in isolation. India knows this now, and hence the measured response. However India also knows that the line between merchant ships and naval ships is continuing to blur. The new form of power and the old form of power, after all, are economic.
Speed dating the world powers?
The Indian Prime Minister has spent 54 days of his first year in office on foreign visits. He has been to 5 continents and 18 countries. However, he spent more than half of those days (28) visiting 12 Asian countries. The biggest catch of these Asian visits perhaps went unreported. India got to pluck a pearl off the string.
India signed an MoU with Bangladesh allowing her to dock cargo vessels at the Chinese backed Chittagong and Mongla ports. The Prime Minister also signed an agreement for another first – a country specific Special Economic Zone (SEZ) for Indian companies in Bangladesh. While many in India would like to see Indian Naval ships dock in Chittagong, it is going to be a long process and no Bangladeshi leader would make the mistake of kowtowing the New Delhi line that evidently. However, as China envisions a more global role for both its’ Army and Navy, India can only start gathering all the allies it can in reclaiming her rightful sphere of influence.
The Indian Navy will conduct its’ first joint operations with both the United States and the Japanese Navy since 2007 – Exercise Malabar. While Australia hasn’t returned to the Malabar Exercises since 2007 for fear of alienating China (its’ largest trade partner), Japan under Prime Minster Abe has shed such reservations. More than Prime Minister Modi speed-dating the world superpowers, it increasingly looks like the Prime Minster knows which buttons to push and which powers to partner, and that after decades of stagnation, it is a big step.
An even bigger step is finally putting the Defense Budget to use, beyond her borders.
submitted by _Zorawar_ to india [link] [comments]


2014.11.20 20:34 tabledresser [Table] IAmA: We are working on flight control and science operations for Rosetta, now orbiting comet 67P, and Philae, which landed on the comet surface last week. Ask us Anything! AMA!

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2014-11-20
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Questions Answers
What do you plan to work on after the expiration of this project, what's next? So, for us in Flight Dynamics for science missions, we'll of course continue supporting Rosetta, there's lots of more exciting operations to come in the next couple of years ! Besides that, we support as well routine operations of Mars Express, Venus Express and Gaia... But really "new" for the next few years there will be Lisa Pathfinder in 2015, Exomars Part 1 and Bepi Colombo in 2016, Solar Orbiter in 2017 and Exomars Part 2 in 2018...
So, plenty of new & interesting coming up ! =) FC.
In the interplanetary division of ESA, we have currently three missions in preparation:
BepiColombo will tranfer to Mercury using solar electric propulsion and orbit very close to the surface to study the planet, releasing a japanese probe before it reaches its final orbit. Launch date is 2017.
Exomars is a double mission, first with an orbiter in 2016 to serve as a relay and then a lander in 2018 to carry out exploration of the surface and in-situ experiments.
Solar Orbiter (my next mission) will launch in 2017 and will orbit the Sun with a perihelion at 0.28 AU to study how the Sun controls the heliosphere.
Besides these, which we're preparing now, we also are working on JUICE, a Jovian Icy Moon explorer, which will do a tour of the Jovian moons and finally orbit Ganymede. The mission has yet to be approved (hopefully before the end of this year) and launch in 2023.
Flight Dynamics Team are doing a marvellous job steering Rosetta so precisely so far away from Earth. Are they going to share their knowledge and experience with future mission controllers? If so, how? A few years into the mission Rosetta suffered a serious propellant leak and flywheels failure. How did it affect manouvering the orbiter? How much longer would the mission last if Rosetta had its tanks full at arrival at the comet? Within Flight Dynamics we transmit our knowledge and experience throughout the years through a mixture of training to the newcomers, and internal technical notes & documentation. There's also quite a lot of publicly available papers presented at various conferences, journals, etc. ! For the propellant leak & reaction wheel issues, I would say they had some impact but they did not affect critically the operations of Rosetta. The leak simply meant that we could not operate the thrusters in "pressurized" but only in "blow-down" mode (i.e. the pressure decreases as the propellant is depleted, it is not continuously pressurized by the Helium), which means the thrusters are a bit less efficient. But the propellant margin on Rosetta was luckily more than sufficient for the braking manoeuvres in May-August and to fly it around the comet until the end of mission =)
NASA issued extensive reports after completing their space programs - Mercury, Gemini or Apollo. Is there a report planned about Rosetta and Philae? Maybe containing Rosetta blog entries? About the reaction wheels, they actually still all work fine. We have seen both before and after hibernation higher friction levels in two of four wheels, when we were operating them at very low speed or even when crossing zero (i.e. to stop rotating on one side and start spinning in the other direction). This resulted in some concern on our side, so there was a lot of testing both on ground with the engineering model we have at ESOC and on the spacecraft itself. As a precaution, it was actually decided to avoid in most of the cases using the wheels at low speeds. This reduces a bit the manoeuvrability of the spacecraft in slews (rotations) but we can still do everything we need for our operations !
Hi Laurence! I saw you speak at the Madrid planetarium a couple of months ago and getting to know more about the Rosetta mission really reboosted my passion for space exploration! Thanks a lot! How much of the expected science data have we missed with the impossibility to recharge the batteries? Did you have to "sacrifice" any particular experiment in favour of another just because of the limited battery left? What criteria do you use for such a decision? [LOR] I enjoyed that talk a lot. Delighted to hear you found the mission exciting; me too. So for your questions, which are great. I think a percentage of about 80-90% was given on the acquired science obtained from the lander up to this point. Meaning that we might have 10-20% to still get if/when Philae wakes up. I would guess that this science is mostly linked to watching the evolution of the comet from its surface. The fact that we used ALL 10 instruments of the lander was amazing and getting data from them was really brilliant. You have to realize that the bounces are looked at from the science perspective as a real bonus. We were supposed to land in one spot. In the end, we moved across the surface so we have in fact science measurements e.g. magnetometer, thermal, Mass Spect data, from different locations on the surface. Really great. For the experiments, we didn't sacrifice any in the end but certainly the order changed in some cases. Why? Well because not knowing our orientation left in doubt whether we could in fact drill or lower MUPUS or lower APXS. All of which we did in the end. So the decision was, figure out how we landed, do science in parallel which is not dependent on our landing e.g. not linked to mechanisms, and then when we know better make decisions on mechanism deployment - which is what we did. Thanks again for your questions and keep up the excitement for this fabulous mission.
What's our best knowledge about the attitude - esp. the tilt relative to horizontal - of Philae at the time it shut down? Did the movements of the MUPUS penetrator and drill cause late changes? How stable is the lander now, with how many feet on the ground? How far away from the "wall" is it - and how high (degree-wise) is the horizon in other directions? We're still playing around and bouncing ideas about on this question. First, they said we'd landed on our right side, then on our feet, then on our left side. I've been a firm proponent of the Philae-is-a-cat faction all along. I work with the solar array and can say we have illuminaiton on the lid (facing "up") so we're at least not on our head! According to last info, we may be tilted towards solar array 1. We definatley saw no change due to APXS deployment, MUPUS deployment or SD2 drilling because the 4 day profiles we have data from (the last being well after SD2 drilling) are ridiculously identical. I can see shadows on the panels that are within minutes of eachother each day (and our sampling rate is just over 2 minutes!). We have panel 2 completey free and see nothing in the CIVA picture, but there are shadows cast on it. On all other sides we see rock faces except underneath where there seems to be a very deep hole! So we were really lucky despite all the bad luck! The calibration on the CIVA cameras isn't exact so I can't give you exact numbers, but the walls look pretty close and they are definately all higher than the Lander! - VLL.
Oh, and we're probably facing NWish with panel 2 since we see the sunset (the sun rises in the East, sets in the West goes over North at noon). - VLL.
well done and thank you all! [LOR] Personally, I always had an interest in space but never believed I would enter the space field. I entered ESA via the Young Graduate Programme and this for me is one of the best ways to enter when you have graduated. The chance to join ESA even if it is for only one year is really great and indeed opens doors for you. Having experience in space, even if it is for one year, makes it much much easier to stay in the space field with a lot of companies providing chances afterwards. There are other possibilities of course - stagiarre, Spanish trainee, space masters, etc. I honestly believe the best way to inspire is to have more missions such as Rosetta which show young people that dreams can become a reality. I also believe that how the mission is publicized has a lot to do with it - grabbing the imagination is difficult, with Rosetta I think it has been achieved. [LOR]
This achievement and the attention around it will doubtless inspire many to get into and take up sciences. My question is what inspired some of you personally to join this profession, and is there anything you think should be done (by governments or others) to inspire young people to take up this subject? Star Trek! :) Thank you, William Shatner for the twitter message, btw! Personally, I wanted to be an astronaut but I have terrible eyes, so I had to go for astronautical engineering instead. ;) In all seriousness though, I think that the type of public interest we are getting for Philae and Rosetta is exactly the thing needed to get more young people into the field, don't you? So a huge thanks to all of you! - VLL.
ESA and the EU have been collaborating in a lot of programs (e.g. Galileo) and the majority of ESA's funding comes from the EU. Do you reckon the ESA will keep being an independent, seperate entity in regards to the European Union or do you see it being "annexed" in the future, ar at least being the de facto EU space agency? > ESA and the EU have been colaborating in a lot of programs (e.g. Galileo) and the majority of ESA's funding comes from the EU. Do you reckon the ESA will keep being an independent, seperate entity in regards to the European Union or do you see it being "anexed" in the future, ar at least being the de facto EU space agency?
I thought you guys were thinking about doing a hop but then I didn't see anything about a hop. Did you guys decide against trying to hop Philae? Hi there, thanks for your question. Besides the fact that doing a hop was difficult e.g. one idea would be to retry the thruster that failed before separation, there remained a high possibility that you placed poor Philae in a worse off situation with it lying on its head where the communication antenna are located. You have to remember we had contact with it and although the power was not good, we at least could keep that contact. The safest & most secure way to ensure we could at least try to have Philae wakeup in the future was to rotate such that one of the bigger solar panels was facing the sun. It means of course that we have to wait until 67P & Philae get closer to the sun, but at least we know that we are power limited at this point, rather than having hopped and lost the signal close to battery end and not knowing whether it was the battery or a failed hop. When it comes to operations, it's important to take the approach which guarantees a known clear result rather than possibly creating a worse situation. Hope this helps explain a little. [LOR]
Do you have any regrets, or something you would have done differently in retrospect? Personally, I would go for a different solar array design. We currently have two solar array strings per panel oriented vertically on the sides. I would go for more strings and orient then differently to minimize the effects of shadowing. - VLL.
From the orbiter point of view, I think we can say we regret nothing. Rosetta is performing absolutely brilliantly. The spacecraft is 10 years old, that's the age where most of them retire! Ours just starts her life... and apart from a couple of problems that we could work around, it all goes tremendously well.
AH.
I would probably say, no regrets on the side of Flight Dynamics ! ;)
Last updated: 2014-11-24 19:26 UTC
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